BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to investigate epidemiological data (age, gender), sites, etiology and surgical approach of zygomatic fracture.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 9 years retrospective clinical and epidemiologic study evaluated 642 patients treated for zygomatic fracture. There were 569 men and 77 women. The age range was 2 to 86 years with 205 (31.9%) in the 21 to 30 years age group. A number of parameters, including age, gender, cause of injury, site of injury, treatment modalities were evaluated.
RESULTS: There were 552 (86%) zygoma fractures and 90 (14%) zygomatic arch fractures. The left zygoma was involved in 309 cases (56%); the right zygoma was involved in 243 cases (44%). Concerning the zygomatic arch, the left side was involved in 43 cases (48%) and the right side in 47 cases (52%). 7% of the patients were younger than 9 years old, about 70% between 10 and 39 years, and 18% between 40 and 59 years, while 4% were older than 60 years. Causes of zygoma fracture were traffic accidents in 151 (26%), assault in 117 (20%), accidental falls in 105 (19%), sports injuries in 56 (10%), home injuries in 45 (8%), work accidents in 34 (6%). Causes of zygomatic arch fractures 28 (29.1%) were assaults in 28 (29.1%), traffic accidents in 20 (21.5%), sports injuries in 14 (15.8%), accidental falls in 11 (14%), domestic accidents in 8 (8.8%) and work accidents in 4 (5%). The access to the fronto-zygomatic suture (74.6%) and the maxillary vestibular approaches (66.8%) were the commonest method of reduction of zygomatic fracture. About arch fractures, the Gillies temporal approach was the most used method of reduction (94.4%).
CONCLUSIONS: The findings, compared with similar studies reported in the literature, support the view that the highest prevalence is in young male patients and, concerning cause, traffic accidents and assault are the most frequent.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
C. Ungari, F. Filiaci, E. Riccardi, C. Rinna, G. Iannetti
Etiology and incidence of zygomatic fracture: a retrospective study related to a series of 642 patients
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 16 - N. 11