Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019; 23 (13): 5967-5979

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201907_18343

Melatonin regulates mitochondrial function and biogenesis during rat dental papilla cell differentiation

L.-L. Jiang, F.-P. Zhang, Y.-F. He, W.-G. Fan, M.-M. Zheng, J. Kang, F. Huang, H.-W. He

Department of Oral Anatomy and Physiology, Guanghua School of Stomatology, Hospital of Stomatology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China. hfang@mail.sysu.edu.cn


OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of melatonin on mitochondria of dental papilla cells (DPCs) during the odontogenic differentiation process.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Primary DPCs were obtained from the first molar dental papilla of neonatal rats and cultured in osteogenic (OS) or basal medium supplemented with melatonin at different concentrations (0, 1 pM, 0.1 nM, 10 nM, and 1 μM) for differentiation in vitro. Effects of melatonin on differentiation, mitochondrial respiratory function, and mitochondrial biogenesis of DPCs were analyzed.

RESULTS: Upon odontogenic induction, Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP), and dentin matrix protein (DMP1) expression were significantly enhanced, with a peaked expression at 10 nM of melatonin treatment. During DPCs differentiation, 10 nM melatonin could significantly induce the increase of intracellular Adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the decrease of the oxidized form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+)/NADH ratio and reactive oxygen species (ROS). The mRNA and protein levels of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PGC-1α), nuclear respiratory factor 1 (NRF-1), and mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM) were significantly increased, and the peak level of expression was found in cells treated with 10 nM of melatonin. Furthermore, the mitochondria DNA (mtDNA) copy number was significantly decreased during DPCs differentiation.

CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that melatonin can promote the differentiation of rat DPCs and regulate mitochondrial energy metabolism, ROS scavenging, and mitochondrial biogenesis.

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To cite this article

L.-L. Jiang, F.-P. Zhang, Y.-F. He, W.-G. Fan, M.-M. Zheng, J. Kang, F. Huang, H.-W. He
Melatonin regulates mitochondrial function and biogenesis during rat dental papilla cell differentiation

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2019
Vol. 23 - N. 13
Pages: 5967-5979
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201907_18343