OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of melatonin on mitochondria of dental papilla cells (DPCs) during the odontogenic differentiation process.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Primary DPCs were obtained from the first molar dental papilla of neonatal rats and cultured in osteogenic (OS) or basal medium supplemented with melatonin at different concentrations (0, 1 pM, 0.1 nM, 10 nM, and 1 μM) for differentiation in vitro. Effects of melatonin on differentiation, mitochondrial respiratory function, and mitochondrial biogenesis of DPCs were analyzed.
RESULTS: Upon odontogenic induction, Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP), and dentin matrix protein (DMP1) expression were significantly enhanced, with a peaked expression at 10 nM of melatonin treatment. During DPCs differentiation, 10 nM melatonin could significantly induce the increase of intracellular Adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the decrease of the oxidized form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+)/NADH ratio and reactive oxygen species (ROS). The mRNA and protein levels of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PGC-1α), nuclear respiratory factor 1 (NRF-1), and mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM) were significantly increased, and the peak level of expression was found in cells treated with 10 nM of melatonin. Furthermore, the mitochondria DNA (mtDNA) copy number was significantly decreased during DPCs differentiation.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that melatonin can promote the differentiation of rat DPCs and regulate mitochondrial energy metabolism, ROS scavenging, and mitochondrial biogenesis.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
L.-L. Jiang, F.-P. Zhang, Y.-F. He, W.-G. Fan, M.-M. Zheng, J. Kang, F. Huang, H.-W. He
Melatonin regulates mitochondrial function and biogenesis during rat dental papilla cell differentiation
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 23 - N. 13