OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of micro-ribonucleic acid (miR)-29c on renal fibrosis in diabetic rats through the adenosine 5’-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway, and to investigate its related mechanism by the research on the effect of miR-29c on the expression of fibrosis-related genes.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The rat model of diabetic nephropathy (DN) was established, and the levels of fasting blood glucose (FBG), 24 h urine protein (24h-Pro), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and serum creatinine (sCr) were monitored. After the rats were executed, kidney tissues were dissected, stained with paraffin and embedded in hematoxylin and eosin (H&E). Then, Western blotting was used to detect the levels of miR-29c, phosphorylated-AMPK (p-AMPK), α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF). The human renal tubular epithelial HK-2 cell line was treated with high glucose (HG) to simulate DN cell status in vivo. After that, the expressions of miR-29c and the renal fibrosis marker α-SMA were examined via Western blotting. Finally, the level of α-SMA was measured by Western blotting after HG treatment combined with miR-29c silencing.
RESULTS: The levels of FBG, BUN, sCr, and 24h-Pro in DN model rats were significantly higher than those in rats of control group. The data manifested that the DN model was successfully established. The expression level of miR-29c in DN model rats was markedly increased and that of the downstream protein p-AMPK also exhibited a significantly increasing trend. In addition, the levels of α-SMA, TNF-α, and MIF were elevated. The expression levels of miR-29c and α-SMA were increased markedly after the human renal tubular epithelial HK-2 cell line was treated with HG, but the expression of α-SMA was reduced after HG treatment combined with miR-29c silencing for 24 h.
CONCLUSIONS: MiR-29c is probably related to the occurrence and development of DN. Besides, miR-29c silencing may inhibit the DN renal fibrosis through AMPK/mTOR signals, so miR-29c may be an effective target for the treatment of DN renal fibrosis.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
H. Shao, Y. Huang, H.-L. Hu, W.-X. Fan, X.-N. Yin
Effect of miR-29c on renal fibrosis in diabetic rats via the AMPK/mTOR signaling pathway
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 23 - N. 14