OBJECTIVE: COPD is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide and represents one of the most important issues for public health. Frequent exacerbations induce a faster decline in lung function and poorer quality of life, increase mortality, and have a socio-economic impact with a high burden in terms of resources and healthcare costs. The clinical trials evaluated the effect of mucolytics in COPD and showed that the long-term carbocysteine, associated with bronchodilators, anticholinergics, and steroids, reduces the frequency of exacerbations and improves the quality of life.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: The aim of this prospective real-life study was to evaluate the long-term impact on exacerbations (at 1 year) in COPD patients treated with carbocysteine lysine salt (single dose of 2.7 g once a day) in addition to background therapy with or without inhaled steroids.
RESULTS: In a total of 155 evaluable patients, our study showed that the addition of a single dose of carbocysteine lysine salt to background therapy determines a statistically significant reduction of the average number of exacerbations vs. the number observed in the previous year (from 1.97±0.10 to 1.03±0.11; p<0.01), irrespective of treatment with or without inhaled steroids. In particular, in patients with ≥2 exacerbations in the previous year, the addition of carbocysteine lysine salt resulted in a statistically significant reduction in the exacerbations rate from 69% to 33% and from 58% to 25%, respectively (p<0.01) in patients with or without inhaled steroids.
CONCLUSIONS: In summary, our data highlighted the efficacy of long-term administration of a single daily dose of carbocysteine lysine salt (2.7 g/day) in reducing the number and rate of exacerbations in COPD patients, independently from the use of inhaled steroids.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License
To cite this article
G. Paone, L. Lanata, F. Saibene, S. Toti, P. Palermo, C. Graziani, M.C. Flore, M. Ramaccia, G. Puglisi
A prospective study of the effects of carbocysteine lysine salt on frequency of exacerbations in COPD patients treated with or without inhaled steroids
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 23 - N. 15