OBJECTIVE: COPD is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide and represents one of the most important issues for public health. Frequent exacerbations induce a faster decline in lung function and poorer quality of life, increase mortality, and have a socio-economic impact with a high burden in terms of resources and healthcare costs. The clinical trials evaluated the effect of mucolytics in COPD and showed that the long-term carbocysteine, associated with bronchodilators, anticholinergics, and steroids, reduces the frequency of exacerbations and improves the quality of life.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: The aim of this prospective real-life study was to evaluate the long-term impact on exacerbations (at 1 year) in COPD patients treated with carbocysteine lysine salt (single dose of 2.7 g once a day) in addition to background therapy with or without inhaled steroids.
RESULTS: In a total of 155 evaluable patients, our study showed that the addition of a single dose of carbocysteine lysine salt to background therapy determines a statistically significant reduction of the average number of exacerbations vs. the number observed in the previous year (from 1.97±0.10 to 1.03±0.11; p<0.01), irrespective of treatment with or without inhaled steroids. In particular, in patients with ≥2 exacerbations in the previous year, the addition of carbocysteine lysine salt resulted in a statistically significant reduction in the exacerbations rate from 69% to 33% and from 58% to 25%, respectively (p<0.01) in patients with or without inhaled steroids.
CONCLUSIONS: In summary, our data highlighted the efficacy of long-term administration of a single daily dose of carbocysteine lysine salt (2.7 g/day) in reducing the number and rate of exacerbations in COPD patients, independently from the use of inhaled steroids.
To cite this article
G. Paone, L. Lanata, F. Saibene, S. Toti, P. Palermo, C. Graziani, M.C. Flore, M. Ramaccia, G. Puglisi
A prospective study of the effects of carbocysteine lysine salt on frequency of exacerbations in COPD patients treated with or without inhaled steroids
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 23 - N. 15