Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019; 23 (17): 7419-7429

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201909_18851

Novel long non-coding RNA LBX2-AS1 indicates poor prognosis and promotes cell proliferation and metastasis through Notch signaling in non-small cell lung cancer

L.-X. Tang, S.-F. Su, Q. Wan, P. He, Y. Xhang, X.-M. Cheng

Department of Respiratory Geriatrics and Otolaryngology, Chongqing Public Health Medical Center, Shapingba, Chongqing, China.ppl77661@sina.com


OBJECTIVE: Recent reports have suggested that long non-coding RNA LBX2 antisense RNA 1 (LBX2-AS1) acts as an important regulator in cancer progression. This study aimed to investigate the clinical significance of LBX2-AS1 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients and its biological functions.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expressions of LBX2-AS1 were examined in 165 paired NSCLC tissues and adjacent normal tissues from NSCLC patients by qRT-PCR. The clinical significance of LBX2-AS1 was determined using a series of statistical methods. The effects of LBX2-AS1 knockdown on NSCLC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion were investigated by CCK-8 assays, colony formation assays, EdU proliferation assays, Wound healing assays, and transwell assays. The promotive roles of LBX2-AS1 on Notch1 signal were determined using RT-PCR and Western blot.

RESULTS: We found that LBX2-AS1 was highly expressed in NSCLC tissues and cell lines. The increased levels of LBX2-AS1 were observed to be positively correlated with TNM stage, histological grade, and lymph node metastasis. Furthermore, the Kaplan-Meier survival curves indicated that patients with higher expressions of LBX2-AS1 had unfavorable overall survival. Lost-of-functions assays revealed that the knockdown of LBX2-AS1 in H1299 and A549 cells inhibited cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Mechanistic studies revealed that the suppression of LBX2-AS1 resulted in the reduced expressions of Notch1, p21, and Hes1, suggesting that LBX2-AS1 might promote the activation of the Notch pathway.

CONCLUSIONS: Our study identified a novel NSCLC-related lncRNA LBX2-AS1, which may represent a novel prognostic biomarker and a potential therapeutic target for NSCLC.

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To cite this article

L.-X. Tang, S.-F. Su, Q. Wan, P. He, Y. Xhang, X.-M. Cheng
Novel long non-coding RNA LBX2-AS1 indicates poor prognosis and promotes cell proliferation and metastasis through Notch signaling in non-small cell lung cancer

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2019
Vol. 23 - N. 17
Pages: 7419-7429
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201909_18851