OBJECTIVE: Recently, long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have caught more attention for their role in the progression of many diseases. Among them, lncRNA GAS5 (Growth Inhibition Specificity 5) was studied in this research to identify how it affects the progression of atrial fibrillation (AF).
PATIENTS AND METHODS: In 40 patients with AF and 30 patients with sinus rhythm (SR), the GAS5 expression of the right atrial appendage (RAA) tissues was detected by the quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). Moreover, the cell proliferation assay was conducted in AC16 cells transfected with GAS5 inhibitor and mimics, respectively. Furthermore, the qRT-PCR was performed to uncover the mechanism.
RESULTS: In the research, the expression of GAS5 in RAA tissues was decreased significantly in AF patients than that in SR ones. Moreover, overexpression of GAS5 inhibited cell growth in AC16 cells, while knockdown of GAS5 promoted cell growth in AC16 cells. In addition, further experiments revealed that ALK5 was a target of GAS5 and its expression in AF tissues negatively correlated to GAS5 expression.
CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that GAS5 could inhibit cell proliferation of AF via suppressing ALK5, which may offer a new vision for interpreting the mechanism of AF development.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
J. Lu, F.-Q. Xu, J.-J. Guo, P.-L. Lin, Z. Meng, L.-G. Hu, J. Li, D. Li, X.-H. Lu, Y. An
Long noncoding RNA GAS5 attenuates cardiac fibroblast proliferation in atrial fibrillation via repressing ALK5
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 23 - N. 17