OBJECTIVE: Samter’s triad is the combination of asthma, aspirin sensitization, and nasal polyposis. Few data are available on the use of omalizumab in this disease. The study aimed to describe the impact of omalizumab on clinical and functional parameters and the quality of life of a series of patients with Samter’s triad. Moreover, we aimed to provide a review of the literature on this topic.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively described four patients with Samter’s triad undergoing omalizumab therapy. Clinical, functional, and immunological data of these patients were collected at baseline and follow-up.
RESULTS: Reduction of asthma exacerbations and salbutamol rescue therapy were observed in all patients after anti-IgE treatment together with an improvement in the quality of life. A significant improvement in FEV1, FVC, and FEF25-75 was observed. No major side-effects were observed. A total of 14 studies regarding omalizumab in aspirin-exacerbated respiratory diseases were included in the review, comprising 78 patients. All studies reported a good efficacy in improving asthma control; restoration of aspirin tolerance was repeatedly reported.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of our case series and review of the literature suggest that omalizumab effectively improves asthma control, lung function tests, and quality of life in patients with Samter’s triad.
To cite this article
P. Cameli, M. Perruzza, M. Salvini, A. Fui, B. Cekorja, R.M. Refini, P. Sestini, E. Bargagli
Omalizumab treatment in Samter’s triad: case series and review of the literature
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 23 - N. 18