OBJECTIVE: Levocarnitine plays a crucial role in the metabolism of organisms. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of Levocarnitine on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) rats and the underlying mechanism.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cerebral I/R model was first successfully established. Two groups were set up, including drug group (I/R + Levocarnitine group) and control group (I/R group). The influences of Levocarnitine on brain injury and oxidative stress in cerebral I/R rats were evaluated. Furthermore, the impacts of Levocarnitine on the nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/antioxidant responsive element (ARE) signaling pathway and neuronal apoptosis in rats were detected.
RESULTS: Compared with I/R group, I/R + Levocarnitine group exhibited markedly lowered neurological deficit score and cerebral infarct volume. However, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and notably decreased malondialdehyde (MDA) were significantly up-regulated in I/R + Levocarnitine group. This suggested that Levocarnitine could relieve cerebral nerve injury and oxidative stress in cerebral I/R rats. Additionally, in I/R + Levocarnitine group, the protein expressions of Nrf2, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), and B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) were significantly up-regulated, whereas cleaved Caspase-3 (c-Caspase-3) was notably down-regulated. Furthermore, neuronal apoptosis in cerebral I/R rats was remarkably inhibited.
CONCLUSIONS: Levocarnitine alleviates brain injury and neuronal apoptosis in cerebral I/R rats by activating the Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway.
To cite this article
S.-H. Liu, Y.-C. Zhang
Effect of levocarnitine on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion rats via activating Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 23 - N. 18