Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019; 23 (19): 8637-8644

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201910_19181

Vitamin D does not improve lung function decline in COPD: a meta-analysis

F.-Y. Chen, M. Xiao, B. Ling, L. Liu, L. Chen

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, West China Hospital, West China School of Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China. lchens@126.com


OBJECTIVE: Vitamin D deficiency plays an important role in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the effects of vitamin D supplementation on lung function decline in COPD were inconsistently reported and a meta-analysis is thus needed.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eligible cohort and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were searched from databases including PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science. Pooled standardized mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated in a random or fixed effects model.

RESULTS: Eight studies reaching the inclusion criteria and involving 687 COPD patients were included. Pooled effect size showed vitamin D treatment resulted in no significant improvements in FEV1 (SMD: 0.38, 95% CI: -0.13 to 0.88, p= 0.144), FVC (SMD: 0.55, 95% CI: -0.49 to 1.58, p=0.299), and FEV1/FVC (SMD: 0.00, 95% CI: -0.27-0.27, p=0.995) in COPD patients. Subgroup analysis revealed neither short-term (<6 months) (SMD: 0.10, 95% CI: -0.17 to 0.37, p=0.479) nor long-term (≥6 months) (SMD: 0.52, 95% CI: -0.23 to 1.27, p=0.172) vitamin D exposure could significantly benefit lung function decline in COPD.

CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis shows neither short-term nor long-term additional supplementation of vitamin D can benefit the lung function decline in COPD. Moreover, large scale RCTs focusing on COPD smokers with low level of vitamin D should be considered.

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To cite this article

F.-Y. Chen, M. Xiao, B. Ling, L. Liu, L. Chen
Vitamin D does not improve lung function decline in COPD: a meta-analysis

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2019
Vol. 23 - N. 19
Pages: 8637-8644
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201910_19181