OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of microRNA-15 (miR-15) in the progression of bladder cancer (BC) cell and its underlying mechanism.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Human BC specimens were collected from BC patients during operations. BC cell lines (T24, BIU87, and HT1376) and normal uroepithelial cell lines SV-HUV-1 were cultured. The abilities of cell proliferation and invasion were detected by Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) and transwell assay, respectively. Additionally, the relevant mRNA and protein expressions were measured by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR), Western blot and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Furthermore, the luciferase reporter assay was used to verify the target gene of miR-15. Besides, Xenograft tumor formation assay was performed to confirm the effect of miR-15 on tumor growth.
RESULTS: A low expression of miR-15 was detected by qRT-PCR, whereas the high expression of B cell-specific Moloney murine leukemia virus integration site 1 (BMI1) was detected by immunocytochemical assay in BC tissues. Moreover, miR-15 expression and BMI1 expression were significantly associated with the overall survival of BC patients. MTT and transwell assay results stated that the up-regulation of miR-15 inhibited BC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. BMI-1 was verified as a direct target of miR-15 in BC using Luciferase reporter assay. Besides, miR-15 regulated epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related makers, protein kinase B (AKT), and the phosphorylation of AKT protein levels in BC using the Western blot assay. Xenograft tumor formation assay indicated that the over-expression of miR-15 inhibited the tumor growth.
CONCLUSIONS: We stated that miR-15 suppressed BC cell progression by targeting BMI1 through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT signaling pathway, which provided a potential target for BC treatment.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
L. Zhang, C.-Z. Wang, M. Ma, G.-F. Shao
MiR-15 suppressed the progression of bladder cancer by targeting BMI1 oncogene via PI3K/AKT signaling pathway
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 23 - N. 20