OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the effect of microRNA-424-5p on the proliferation and apoptosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells, and to investigate its influence on the expression of ITGB1 and potential regulatory mechanism.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the level of microRNA-424-5p in 44 paired NSCLC tissues and adjacent tissues. The relation between microRNA-424-5p expression and NSCLC clinical indicators was analyzed. Subsequently, microRNA-424-5p mimics and inhibitors were transfected into NSCLC cells to construct microRNA-424-5p overexpression or knockdown models, respectively. QRT-PCR was used to further verify the transfection efficiency. A series of experiments, including cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, colony formation, 5-Ethynyl-2’-deoxyuridine (EdU), and flow cytometry were used to analyze the effect of microRNA-424-5p on the biological function of NSCLC A549 and H358 cells. Finally, the potential association between microRNA-424-5p and its downstream gene ITGB1 was explored through luciferase reporter gene assay and cell recovery experiment.
RESULTS: QRT-PCR results showed that microRNA-424-5p level was significantly lower in NSCLC tissues than that of adjacent normal tissues. Compared with patients with high expression of microRNA-424-5p, the pathological stage of those with low expression of microRNA-424-5p was significantly higher. In vitro experiments showed that microRNA-424-5p overexpression remarkably decreased cell proliferation and increased cell apoptosis, which were further validated in microRNA-424-5p inhibitor group. Subsequently, ITGB1 expression was found significantly up-regulated in NSCLC cell lines and tissues. Meanwhile, ITGB1 expression was negatively correlated with microRNA-424-5p level. In addition, a recovery experiment indicated that overexpression of ITGB1 could counteract the effect of microRNA-424-5p mimics on the proliferation and apoptosis of NSCLC cells. All these findings revealed that microRNA-424-5p and ITGB1 affected the malignant progression of NSCLC.
CONCLUSIONS: MicroRNA-424-5p was closely correlated with the pathological stage and poor prognosis of NSCLC, thereby inhibiting the occurrence and development of NSCLC.
To cite this article
Z.-L. Xu, M. Zhang, S.-X. Chen, M. Qiu, Q. Zhang, L.-P. Gao, J.-W. Du. X.-Q. Li
MicroRNA-424-5p inhibits the development of non-small cell LCa by binding to ITGB1
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 23 - N. 20