OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of bradykinin on rats with thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO) through the phosphatidylinositol 3-hydroxy kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) signaling pathway.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The female Wistar rats were injected with lauric acid via the femoral artery to establish the TAO model, and they were randomly divided into control group (healthy rats), model group (TAO rats) and bradykinin group (TAO rats injected with bradykinin B2 receptor-specific inhibitor). The control was set in each group before the operation. The level of serum bradykinin in each group was detected via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, Caspase-3 activity and PI3K/Akt protein concentration in vascular tissues were measured via ELISA, Western blotting, ROS assay, and Caspase-3 activity assay, respectively. Moreover, the specific therapeutic mechanism of bradykinin was analyzed.
RESULTS: In control group, the intima of the lower extremity venous tissues was smooth, the extima had no evident changes, and there was no inflammatory cell invasion around the arteries and veins. In model group, there was massive inflammatory cell invasion into the lower extremity venous tissues. In bradykinin group, fibrosis and atrophy occurred in venous tissues, the extima was thickened without fibrosis, and there was phagocytosis of neutrophils and mononuclear macrophages around the arteries and veins, as well as massive inflammatory infiltration. The PI3K/Akt protein concentration in lower extremity venous tissues was the highest in control group and the lowest in bradykinin group, and there were statistically significant differences (p<0.01). At 24 h after administration of doxorubicin (DOX), the level of ROS in lower extremity venous tissues was higher in bradykinin group than that in model group (p<0.05), and it was also higher in model group than that in control group (p<0.05). Besides, the activity of Caspase-3 in lower extremity venous tissues was significantly increased in bradykinin group compared with that in model group and control group, while it was slightly higher in model group than that in control group (p<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: The low expression of bradykinin can promote TAO in rats by the mechanism that it inhibits the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway to raise the oxidative stress level, thereby aggravating TAO.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
Y.-M. Du, B.-H. Du, J. Yang, S. Zang, X.-P. Wang, X. Mao, W. Zhang, L.-P. Jiang
Effect of bradykinin on rats with thromboangiitis obliterans through PI3K/Akt signaling pathway
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 23 - N. 22