OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether microRNA-1286 could inhibit the osteogenic differentiation of human marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) by regulating FZD4 expression and promoting the progression of osteoporosis.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of microRNA-1286 in the serum of patients with osteoporosis. Meanwhile, microRNA-1286 expression in different stages of osteogenic differentiation of hMSCs was measured by qRT-PCR as well. After overexpression of microRNA-1286 and FZD4 in hMSCs, the mRNA expression levels of microRNA-1286, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), RUNX2 and osteocalcin (OCN) were detected by qRT-PCR. The protein expression levels of RUNX2 and OCN were detected by Western blot. Meanwhile, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and expression in cells were examined using ALP assay kit and ALP staining method, respectively. Cell mineralized nodules were detected through the alizarin red staining test. Bioinformatics method was used to predict the binding site of microRNA-1286 to FZD4. Subsequent luciferase reporter gene assay was performed to verify whether microRNA-1286 could combine with FZD4. After overexpression or knockdown of microRNA-1286, the mRNA and protein expressions of FZD4 were analyzed using qRT-PCR and Western blot assay, respectively. After the simultaneous overexpression of microRNA-1286 and FZD4 in hMSCs, the mRNA expression levels of ALP, RUNX2 and OCN, ALP activity and content, and cell mineralization ability were successively examined.
RESULTS: The expression of microRNA-1286 in the serum of patients with osteoporosis was significantly higher than that of the normal population. Meanwhile, microRNA-1286 expression decreased with the increase of osteogenic differentiation days of hAMSCs. After the overexpression of microRNA-1286, ALP, RUNX2, and OCN levels, ALP activity, RUNX2, and OCN protein levels, as well as mineralized nodule formation were significantly reduced. However, results were reversed when FZD4 was simultaneously up-regulated. Luciferase reporter gene assay results verified that microRNA-1286 could bind to FZD4. After the overexpression of microRNA-1286, the mRNA and protein expressions of FZD4 were found significantly down-regulated. However, results were reversed after knocking down microRNA-1286. Furthermore, the simultaneous overexpression of microRNA-1286 and FZD4 could counteract the inhibitory effect of over-expression of microRNA-1286 on osteogenic differentiation of hMSCs.
CONCLUSIONS: MicroRNA-1286 can regulate FZD4 expression and inhibit osteogenic differentiation of hMSCs, thereby promoting the development of osteoporosis.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
J.-G. Zhou, Y. Hua, S.-W. Liu, W.-Q. Hu, R. Qian, L. Xiong
MicroRNA-1286 inhibits osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells to promote the progression of osteoporosis via regulating FZD4 expression
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 24 - N. 1