Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2020; 24 (1): 295-303

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202001_19924

Relationship between NogoA/NgR1/RhoA signaling pathway and the apoptosis of cerebral neurons after cerebral infarction in rats

Y.-X. Xie, M. Zhang, C.-R. Zhang, F. Chen

Department of Minimally Invasive Interventional Treatment Center, Department of Outpatient, Department of Neurosurgery; Qingdao Municipal Hospital (Group), Qingdao, China. 726602267@qq.com


OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect and the mechanism of the NogoA/NgR1/RhoA signaling pathway on the apoptosis of neurons in cerebral infarction (CI) rats. Our findings might provide references for clinical prevention and treatment of CI.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups, including: Sham operation group (Sham group), CI group, and CI + NogoA gene knockout group (CI + NogoA KO group) using a random number table. The model of CI was successfully constructed using suture method in rats of CI group and CI + NogoA KO group. Only blood vessels were exposed in Sham group. At 2 days after CI operation, the rats were killed, and brain tissues were collected. Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blotting were used to detect the messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and protein expression levels of NogoA/NgR1/RhoA in brain lesion tissues of rats in the three groups, respectively. Subsequently, the pathological damage of brain tissues was detected via hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining. TTC staining was carried out to evaluate the infarction area in each group. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining was conducted to measure the apoptosis level of neurons in brain tissues of rats in each group. Additionally, the level of Nissl’s body in brain tissues of each group was examined by Nissl staining. Furthermore, the expression level of the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) in brain tissues of rats in the three groups was measured via immunohistochemistry.

RESULTS: The mRNA and protein expression levels of the NogoA/NgR1/RhoA signaling pathway in brain tissues of rats in CI group increased significantly (p<0.05). NogoA KO could significantly reduce the infarction area of brain tissues in rats (p<0.05). H&E staining and Nissl’s body staining revealed that neurons in the brain tissues of rats showed evident edema and disordered arrangement after CI. Meanwhile, the number of Nissl’s body was remarkably reduced. However, after KO of NogoA, brain tissue damage was significantly alleviated in rats, and the number of Nissl’s body increased remarkably at the same time (p<0.05). According to TUNEL staining results, inhibiting NogoA could notably reverse CI-induced apoptosis of neurons in brain tissues of rats (p<0.05). Immunohistochemical staining results demonstrated that the expression of PDGF in brain tissues of rats in CI group decreased markedly, whereas was significantly elevated in rats of CI + NogoA KO group (p<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: The expression of the NogoA/NgR1/RhoA signaling pathway was significantly elevated in brain tissues of CI rats. Furthermore, suppressing the NogoA/NgR1/RhoA signaling pathway could reduce CI-induced apoptosis of neurons in rats.

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Y.-X. Xie, M. Zhang, C.-R. Zhang, F. Chen
Relationship between NogoA/NgR1/RhoA signaling pathway and the apoptosis of cerebral neurons after cerebral infarction in rats

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2020
Vol. 24 - N. 1
Pages: 295-303
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202001_19924