OBJECTIVE: To study the influence of micro ribonucleic acid (miR)-137 on osteoporosis rats by regulating runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 36 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to the normal group (n=12), model group (n=12), and inhibitor group (n=12). No treatment was performed in the normal group. The osteoporosis model in rats was prepared in the model group, and miR-137 inhibitor was administered in osteoporosis rats of inhibitor group. Following 12 weeks of intervention, sampling was conducted. The expression of RUNX2 was detected via immunohistochemistry, and its protein expression level was determined via Western blotting. Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR) was carried out to detect the mRNA level of miR-137. The contents of serum bone Gla protein (BGP) and total alkaline phosphatase (TALP) were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Finally, bone mineral density was determined with a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry instrument.
RESULTS: According to the immunohistochemistry detection, the rats in model group and inhibitor group had a notably lower positive expression level of RUNX2 than normal group (p<0.05), and its expression level in the inhibitor group was substantially higher than that in the model group (p<0.05). Western blotting results showed that compared with that in the normal group, the protein expression level of RUNX2 was notably lowered in the model and inhibitor group (p<0.05), which was markedly higher in the inhibitor group than that in the model group (p<0.05). It was found through the qPCR that the expression level of miR-137 was remarkably raised in both model group and inhibitor group compared with that in the normal group, showing statistically significant differences (p<0.05). The rats in the inhibitor group had a remarkably lower expression level of miR-137 than the model group (p<0.05). ELISA results revealed that the model group and inhibitor group had substantially lower contents of serum BGP and TALP than the normal group (p<0.05), and that their contents rose dramatically in the inhibitor group compared with that in the model group (p<0.05). Additionally, based on the measurement of bone mineral density, compared with that in the normal group, bone mineral density declined considerably in the model group and inhibitor group (p<0.05). It was markedly elevated in inhibitor group in comparison with that in the model group (p<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: MiR-137 regulates RUNX2 to affect the bone mineral density of osteoporosis model rats.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
W.-L. Cai, W. Zeng, B.-Y. Zhu, H.-H. Liu, J.-L. Liu
MiR-137 affects bone mineral density in osteoporosis rats through regulating RUNX2
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 24 - N. 3