OBJECTIVE: Osteosarcoma (OS) is one common bone malignant tumor prevailing in young adults and children. It is increasingly recognized microRNA 449a (miR 449a) as an anti-tumor factor in various tumours. However, little is known about the biological significance of miR 449a in OS. The intent of our study was to seek the prognostic values of miR-449a in OS.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was performed to examine the level of miR-449a expression in 48 pairs of OS tissues and para-cancerous specimens, and the relationship between miR-449a level and clinical features of OS patient prognosis was analyzed. Moreover, we measured the miR-449a expression levels in OS cells. Transwell assay was further performed to investigate whether miR-449a influenced MG63 cell migration and invasion, which was important for malignant metastases.
RESULTS: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis demonstrated a notable decrease of miR-449a expressions in OS. The declined miR-449a expression was relevant with the poor prognosis and malignant clinicopathologic characteristics of OS patients. Thereafter, the functional assay was performed to determine the role of miR-449a in OS progression. Results of MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide) assays and transwell assays indicated that miR-449a overexpression significantly repressed OS cell proliferation, invasion, and migration. Furthermore, luciferase reporter assay showed that enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) was a downstream target of miR-449a in OS cells. Additionally, Western blot analysis demonstrated that miR-449a exerted anti-OS functions via the regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT) signaling pathway and epithelial-mesenchymal transition. We also indicated that miR-449a restoration could inhibit in vivo tumor growth.
CONCLUSIONS: These results manifested that miR-449a may thus be used as a therapeutic target in OS treatments.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
D.-G. Lu, Q.-L. Tang, J.-H. Wei, F.-Y. He, L. Lu, Y.-J. Tang
Targeting EZH2 by microRNA-449a inhibits osteosarcoma cell proliferation, invasion and migration via regulation of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway and epithelial-mesenchymal transition
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 24 - N. 4