OBJECTIVE: Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common type of thyroid cancer and PTC patients with invasion and metastases features have a poor prognosis. Propofol is an intravenous anesthetic which has been reported to be involved in cancer progression. However, the roles of propofol and the exact molecular mechanisms in PTC remain largely unknown.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cells viability was detected using the CCK-8 (Cell Counting Kit-8) assay. The expressions of microRNA-122 (miR-122) were measured by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). Cells migration and invasion abilities were investigated by transwell. Western blot was used to demonstrate the expression of metastasis–and EMT–related proteins.
RESULTS: We found a significant inhibition of cells viability in TPC-1 and IHH-4 cells compared to Nthy-ori 3-1 cell line after exposed to propofol. The functional experiment showed propofol could suppress cells migration, invasion, and EMT in PTC. Subsequently, a decreased expression of miR-122 was detected in TPC-1 and IHH-4 cells, while a promotion of propofol on miR-122 expression was identified. Furthermore, we found miR-122 could inhibit cells migration, invasion, and EMT in PTC. Next, the rescue study indicated that miR-122 inhibitor transfection could attenuate propofol-induced suppression on TPC-1 and IHH-4 cells metastasis.
CONCLUSIONS: Propofol suppresses migration, invasion, and EMT in papillary thyroid carcinoma cells by regulating miR-122 expression. The findings may indicate significant clinical implications for anesthetic agents to prevent metastasis and improve outcomes in papillary thyroid carcinoma.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
Y. Li, Q.-G. Zeng, J.-L. Qiu, T. Pang, H. Wang, X.-X. Zhang
Propofol suppresses migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition in papillary thyroid carcinoma cells by regulating miR-122 expression
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 24 - N. 9