Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2020; 24 (9): 5140-5147

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202005_21208

Sesame lignans suppress age-related disorders of the kidney in mice

S. Shimoyoshi, D. Takemoto, Y. Kishimoto, A. Amano, A. Sato, Y. Ono, T. Rogi, H. Shibata, A. Ishigami

Institute for Health Care Science, Suntory Wellness Limited, Kyoto, Japan. ishigami@tmig.or.jp


OBJECTIVE: Sesamin is a functional ingredient in sesame (Sesamum indicum) seeds and has many physiological effects. This study investigated whether sesame lignans, sesamin and episesamin (1:1), can suppress age-related disorders of the kidney.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-month-old mice were divided into three groups, and each group received a regular diet (O-C), diet containing sesame lignans (O-SE), and diet containing sesame lignans and α-tocopherol (VE; O-SE+VE), respectively, for 5 months. Six-month-old young mice (Y-C) were compared to the older mice.

RESULTS: Renal lipofuscin deposition was increased in the O-C group compared to that in the Y-C group and its deposition with aging was significantly decreased in both O-SE and O-SE+VE groups. Plasma blood urea nitrogen levels in the O-C group increased compared to those in the Y-C group; however, those in both O-SE and O-SE+VE groups did not differ from those in the Y-C group. The number of podocytes in the O-C group decreased compared to that in the Y-C group and this effect was attenuated in the O-SE and O-SE+VE groups. The effect was strongest in the O-SE+VE group. Histological examinations showed that glomerular hypertrophy accompanied by mesangial hyperplasia and renal tubular degeneration was less severe in the O-SE and O-SE+VE groups than in the O-C group. Moreover, age-related increases in the mRNA expression of NADPH oxidase- and inflammation-related genes, including p67phox, p40phox, TNFα, and IL-6, in the kidney were suppressed in the O-SE and O-SE+VE groups.

CONCLUSIONS: Sesame lignans might be useful to suppress age-related kidney disorders, and these effects could be enhanced with VE.

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To cite this article

S. Shimoyoshi, D. Takemoto, Y. Kishimoto, A. Amano, A. Sato, Y. Ono, T. Rogi, H. Shibata, A. Ishigami
Sesame lignans suppress age-related disorders of the kidney in mice

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2020
Vol. 24 - N. 9
Pages: 5140-5147
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202005_21208