OBJECTIVE: As a result of gene-environment interactions, the incidence of atherosclerosis (AS) is rapidly increasing worldwide. Autophagy in endothelial cells is a key process of AS and is difficult to control when it becomes excessive in the end stage of AS.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we found increased expression levels of ZNF295-AS1 in the serum of AS patients, as well as in ox-LDL-treated HUVECs. The autophagy level was also upregulated in both samples. We demonstrated that ZNF295-AS1 may interact directly with miR-508-5p to act as a miR-508-5p sponge. The negative relationship between ZNF295-AS1 and miR-508-5p indicated that ZNF295-AS1 may be an upstream suppressor of miR-508-5p.
RESULTS: ATG7 plays a critical role in autophagy and was predicted to be a target of miR-508-5p. Therefore, we overexpressed miR-508-5p, which reduced the expression level of ATG7, enhanced cell proliferation and prevented autophagy. These data indicated that the ZNF295-AS1/miR-508-5p/ATG7 axis may participate in autophagy regulation in ox-LDL-treated HUVECs. The subsequent rescue experiments revealed the specificity of the ZNF295-AS1/miR-508-5p/ATG7 axis in the contribution of ZNF295-AS1 to autophagy.
CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our findings demonstrate a novel mechanism by which ZNF295-AS1 silencing regulates ATG7 reduction and inhibits autophagy, which may delay the progression of AS. The ZNF295-AS1/miR-508-5p/ATG7 axis may be of therapeutic significance in AS.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
Q.-W. Qin, J. Yuan, L. Liu, J.-T. Gan, Y. Shi, Z.-D. Lu, T.-H. Li, Y.-Z. Lin
ZNF295-AS1 inhibits autophagy via the ZNF295-AS1/miR-508-5p/ATG7 axis in AS
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 24 - N. 12