Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2020; 24 (12): 7083-7091

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202006_21702

Comparison of immunological, histological and oxidative effects of felbamate and levetiracetam in traumatic brain injury

I. Bayhan, M.G. Turtay, O. Ciftci, A. Cetin, N. Basak, M. Namık Oztanır, H. Oguzturk, S. Gurbuz, T. Guven

Department of Emergency Medicine, Turgut Ozal Medical Center, Inonu University, Malatya, Turkey. mgturtay@gmail.com


OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare immunological, histological and oxidative effects of antiepileptic agents; felbamate and levetiracetam on head trauma in rats.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 32 Sprague-Dawley genus male rats were used. A closed head trauma mechanism was constituted in order to perform head trauma in rats. Rats were divided into 4 groups, and each group had 8 rats. Following head trauma, Group 1 (Control); normal saline was administered, Group 2; levetiracetam 50 mg/kg was administered, Group 3; felbamate 100 mg/kg was administered, and Group 4; levetiracetam 50 mg/kg and felbamate 100 mg/kg were administered with a combination. Injections were administered intraperitoneally once a day for 20 days. The rats were decapitated at the end of the 20th day. Blood and tissue samples were collected and analyzed for biochemical, immunohistochemical and histological parameters.

RESULTS: Serum cytokine levels in Group 2, 3 and 4 were lower when compared to the control group. In Group 4, in which combined therapy was performed, cytokine levels were found to be the lowest. In Groups 2 and 3, a significant decrease in vascular congestion, mononuclear cell infiltration, hemorrhage, and neural degeneration was noticed in the pia mater. In Group 2, a decrease in vascular congestion and Purkinje cell degeneration was obtained in the cerebellum. However, the best outcomes were determined in Group 4.

CONCLUSIONS: We determined that levetiracetam and felbamate alone are useful with respect to immunological, oxidative and histological alterations. However, their utility is better when used in a combination.

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To cite this article

I. Bayhan, M.G. Turtay, O. Ciftci, A. Cetin, N. Basak, M. Namık Oztanır, H. Oguzturk, S. Gurbuz, T. Guven
Comparison of immunological, histological and oxidative effects of felbamate and levetiracetam in traumatic brain injury

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2020
Vol. 24 - N. 12
Pages: 7083-7091
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202006_21702