OBJECTIVE: To explore the protective effect of curcumin on lidocaine-insulted PC12 cells.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We first treated PC12 cells with different doses of lidocaine, and then treated the cells with curcumin or Nod-like receptor pyrin domain3 (NLRP3) inhibitor (MCC950). Subsequently, the cell viability, apoptosis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and NLRP3 inflammasome were detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK8), Annexin V/PI staining, FCM and Western blot analysis, respectively, and the level of IL-1β in PC12 cells was determined by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit.
RESULTS: Lidocaine inhibited the viability of PC12 cells, and it induced cell apoptosis, promoted ROS release and activated NLRP3 inflammasome in PC12 cells, but its effects were reversed by the treatment of curcumin. Moreover, NLRP3 over-expression also induced cytotoxicity in PC12 cells, which was also rescued by the treatment of curcumin.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicates that curcumin exerts protective effect against lidocaine-induced cytotoxicity on PC12 cells by suppressing the activity of NLRP3 inflammasome, which provides new ideas on screening natural product for neurological damage therapy.Free PDF Download
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To cite this article
X.-N. Li, J.-J. Xu, J.-B. Wu, L. Ji, C.-H. Yuan, Z.-P. Wang
Curcumin exerts protective effect on PC12 cells against lidocaine-induced cytotoxicity by suppressing the formation of NLRP3 inflammasome
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 24 - N. 12