Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2020; 24 (13): 7276-7283

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202007_21882

The value of 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging combined with detection of CA125 and HE4 in the diagnosis of recurrence and metastasis of ovarian cancer

J. Sun, X.-W. Cui, Y.-S. Li, S.-Y. Wang, Q. Yin, X.-N. Wang, L. Gu

Imaging Department, The Affiliated Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital of Qingdao University, Yantai, China. oc0957@163.com


OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical application value of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) PET/CT imaging combined with detection of serum tumor molecular markers (carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA 125) and human epididymis protein 4 (HE4)) in the diagnosis of recurrence and metastasis of ovarian cancer.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical data about 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging and serum CA125 and HE4 of 69 ovarian cancer patients after the first cytoreductive surgery and chemotherapy were retrospectively analyzed, and the clinical application value of 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging combined with detection of CA125 and HE4 in the diagnosis of recurrence and metastasis of ovarian cancer was evaluated.

RESULTS: The 18F-FDG PET/CT images of recurrence and metastasis of ovarian cancer showed hypermetabolism. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, predictive positive value, and predictive negative value of 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging for the diagnosis of recurrence and metastasis of ovarian cancer were 90.74%, 86.67%, 89.86%, 96.08%, and 72.22%, respectively; those of CA125 for the diagnosis of them were 77.78%, 86.67%, 79.71%, 95.45% and 52.00%, respectively, and those of HE4 for the diagnosis of them were 70.37%, 93.33%, 76.84%, 97.44%, and 48.39% respectively. In addition, the sensitivity and specificity of 18F-FDG PET/CT combined with detection of serum CA125 and HE4 for the diagnosis were 100.00% and 100.00%, respectively, significantly higher than those of separate 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging, detection of serum CA125, and detection of serum HE4 (c2 = 5.243, 13.500, 18.783, p = 0.022, 0.000, 0.000; c2 = 4.000, 8.525, 9.864, p = 0.046, 0.004, 0.002), and the accuracy of the combination use of them was 95.65%, also significantly higher than that of separate CA125 and HE4 (c2 = 8.118, 10.315, p = 0.004, 0.001, both p < 0.01). Furthermore, the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging for recurrence and metastasis of ovarian cancer focuses was significantly positively correlated with serum CA125 and HE4 levels (r = 0.596, p = 0.000; r = 0.431, p = 0.002), and the serum CA125 level was also significantly positively correlated with serum HE4 level in patients with recurrent or metastasized ovarian cancer (r = 0.198, p = 0.043,).

CONCLUSIONS: 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging combined with detection of serum CA125 and HE4 can significantly improve the diagnostic efficiency to recurrence and metastasis of ovarian cancer and is conducive to the early diagnosis of the recurrence and metastasis, which provides a basis for further clinical intervention.

 

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J. Sun, X.-W. Cui, Y.-S. Li, S.-Y. Wang, Q. Yin, X.-N. Wang, L. Gu
The value of 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging combined with detection of CA125 and HE4 in the diagnosis of recurrence and metastasis of ovarian cancer

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2020
Vol. 24 - N. 13
Pages: 7276-7283
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202007_21882