Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2020; 24 (15): 8127-8135

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202008_22499

Inverse association between serum endocan levels and small LDL and HDL particles in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

A. Klisic, N. Kavaric, S. Vujcic, M. Mihajlovic, A. Zeljkovic, J. Ivanisevic, V. Spasojevic-Kalimanovska, A. Ninic, J. Kotur-Stevuljevic, J. Vekic

Primary Health Care Center, University of Montenegro-Faculty of Medicine, Podgorica, Montenegro. aleksandranklisic@gmail.com


OBJECTIVE: Determination of lipoprotein size and subclasses distribution can provide more significant information on cardiovascular disease risk than measurement of traditional lipid parameters alone. Accordingly, we aimed to examine their potential relationship with the novel biomarker of endothelial dysfunction, such as endocan in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D), since there are no studies concerning this issue.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: This case-control study included a total of 42 individuals with T2D and 64 diabetes-free participants. Serum endocan, lipid parameters, and lipoprotein subclasses were measured.
RESULTS: Patients with T2D exhibited higher proportion of the smallest high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles HDL 3c, as compared with diabetes-free participants (p=0.047). Higher serum endocan levels in T2D patients with low small dense low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles (sdLDL) %, as compared with corresponding group of diabetes-free subjects was shown (p<0.01). Univariate binary logistic analysis revealed significant positive association of endocan and LDL diameter (OR=1.686, p=0.004), and negative associations of endocan with proportions of sdLDL (OR=0.928, p=0.007) and HDL3b (OR=0.789, p=0.009) particles. In a multivariate analysis, LDL diameter and proportions of sdLDL and HDL3b subclasses remained independent predictors of endocan levels in tested population.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of our study showed that larger LDL diameters, but lower sdLDL and HDL3b proportions were associated with higher endocan levels in population with T2D. More studies in the future are needed to confirm the observed relationship and to examine its causal nature.

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A. Klisic, N. Kavaric, S. Vujcic, M. Mihajlovic, A. Zeljkovic, J. Ivanisevic, V. Spasojevic-Kalimanovska, A. Ninic, J. Kotur-Stevuljevic, J. Vekic
Inverse association between serum endocan levels and small LDL and HDL particles in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2020
Vol. 24 - N. 15
Pages: 8127-8135
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202008_22499