OBJECTIVE: Mortality risk factors as forced vital capacity, diffuse lung capacity for carbon monoxide, and 6-minutes’ walk test were studied in clinical trials monitoring patients affected by interstitial lung diseases (ILD). However, these parameters showed scarce accuracy. Our aim was to identify New York Heart Association (NHYA) class, in association with high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and somatostatin receptor scintigraphy (Octreoscan), as a prognostic mortality risk factor in ILD patients.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Study population comprised 128 ILD patients (78 Males and 50 Females). Histological diagnosis was usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP), non-specific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP) and granulomatous lung disease in 59, 19 and 50 patients, respectively. Patients were monitored by NYHA class, HRCT and Octreoscan at baseline and every 3 years up to a 10-year follow up. Overall survival was calculated from the date of diagnosis until death or last follow-up update. Statistical analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier, log-rank test (LRT), multivariate analysis with Cox proportional hazard regression model, and log-likelihood ratio test.
RESULTS: Overall median survival was 89.3 months (7.4 years) with the poorer survival rate observed in UIP patients. NYHA class came out as a reliable prognostic mortality risk factor in each group of patients and prognosis was progressively worse with NYHA class increase (LRT p<0.001). A strong correlation was found between NYHA class and age, CT-score, and Octreoscan in UIP patients (p<0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: The determination of NYHA class can therefore be recommended as an additional prognostic mortality risk factor in ILD patients.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
R.G. Carbone, P. Paredi, A. Monselise, G. Bottino, F. Puppo
New York Heart Association class associated with imaging is a prognostic mortality risk predictor in interstitial lung diseases
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 24 - N. 17