OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether DHEA supplementation had an impact on ovarian reserve parameters and pregnancy rates in patients with poor ovarian response (POR) and primary ovarian insufficiency (POI).
PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 34 people, 6 patients with POI and 28 patients with POR, were included in the study. The patients in the POR group consisted of two different groups: diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) and premature ovarian failure (PMOF). Patients in the POI and POR group were given 50 mg DHEA supplementation daily for 5 months. The primary outcome was to determine spontaneous clinical pregnancy rates. The monthly changes in the serum hormone levels and AFC were recorded for five months. AMH levels were also measured before and after treatment.
RESULTS: The total follow-up time was 152 cycles. The number of pregnancies during the follow-up period was 9. The ratio of pregnancies to the number of patients was 26.5% and the rate per cycle was 5.9%. While 8 of 9 pregnancies resulted in a live birth, one resulted in a miscarriage. The rate of abortion was 11.1%. The mean AFC was 0 to 5 before treatment. Following DHEA administration, a significant increase was detected in 30.8% of the patients. There was an increase in AMH levels after DHEA, but this was not significant. The live birth rate and pregnancy rate per cycle were significantly higher in POR patients than those in POF. Patients with POF had no pregnancy. Although the PMOF patients were younger than the DOR patients, the rate of pregnancy (36% vs. 29%), and pregnancy rates per cycle (8.5% vs. 6.35%) were higher in the DOR group. The rates of live birth were the same in the PMOF and DOR groups (29% vs. 29%).
CONCLUSIONS: Oral DHEA supplementation improves both ovarian reserve and pregnancy rates in women with POR.Free PDF Download
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To cite this article
Dehydroepiandrosterone supplementation improves ovarian reserve and pregnancy rates in poor responders
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 24 - N. 17