Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2020; 24 (18): 9753-9759

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202009_23069

Impact of weather conditions on incidence and mortality of COVID-19 pandemic in Africa

S.A. Meo, A.A. Abukhalaf, A.A. Alomar, T.W. Aljudi, H.M. Bajri, W. Sami, J. Akram, S.J. Akram, W. Hajjar

Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. sultanmeo@hotmail.com


OBJECTIVE: The weather-related conditions change the ecosystem and pose a threat to social, economic and environmental development. It creates unprecedented or unanticipated human health problems in various places or times of the year. Africa is the world’s second largest and most populous continent and has relatively changeable weather conditions. The present study aims to investigate the impact of weather conditions, heat and humidity on the incidence and mortality of COVID-19 pandemic in various regions of Africa.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 16 highly populated countries from North, South, East, West, and Central African regions were selected. The data on COVID-19 pandemic including daily new cases and new deaths were recorded from World Health Organization. The daily temperature and humidity figures were obtained from the weather web “Time and Date”. The daily cases, deaths, temperature and humidity were recorded from the date of appearance of first case of “Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)” in the African region, from Feb 14 to August 2, 2020.

RESULTS: In African countries, the daily basis mean temperature from Feb 14, 2020 to August 2, 2020 was 26.16±0.12°C, and humidity was 57.41±0.38%. The overall results revealed a significant inverse correlation between humidity and the number of cases (r= -0.192, p<0.001) and deaths (r= -0.213, p<0.001). Similarly, a significant inverse correlation was found between temperature and the number of cases (r= -0.25, p<0.001) and deaths (r=-0.18, p<0.001). Furthermore, the regression results showed that with 1% increase in humidity the number of cases and deaths was significantly reduced by 3.6% and 3.7% respectively. Congruently, with 1°C increase in temperature, the number of cases and deaths was also significantly reduced by 15.1% and 10.5%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: Increase in relative humidity and temperature was associated with a decrease in the number of daily cases and deaths due to COVID-19 pandemic in various African countries. The study findings on weather events and COVID-19 pandemic have an impact at African regional levels to project the incidence and mortality trends with regional weather events which will enhance public health readiness and assist in planning to fight against this pandemic.

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S.A. Meo, A.A. Abukhalaf, A.A. Alomar, T.W. Aljudi, H.M. Bajri, W. Sami, J. Akram, S.J. Akram, W. Hajjar
Impact of weather conditions on incidence and mortality of COVID-19 pandemic in Africa

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2020
Vol. 24 - N. 18
Pages: 9753-9759
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202009_23069