OBJECTIVE: The rs1008562, rs2234671 and rs3138060 polymorphisms of the CXCR1 gene have been shown to be associated with many diseases, but in breast cancer (BC) their association has not been detected. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency and association of the rs1008562, rs2234671 and rs3138060 polymorphisms of CXCR1 gene in BC patients in the Mexican population.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: The CXCR1 polymorphisms were determined by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and real time-PCR in healthy Mexican subjects and BC patients.
RESULTS: The prevalent patron in BC patients was observed, the majority were overweight and obesity (72%) with metastatic lymph nodes (48%), luminal A/B subtypes (63%), and advanced stages (60%). Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients: they were younger (58%) than 43 years old, overweight (33%), obesity (42%), ductal type histological (98%), metastasis to lymph nodes (47%), advanced stages III-IV (61%) and metastasis (33%). The rs2234671 polymorphism was associated with BC susceptibility when BC patients and the control group were compared for the CC genotype (p=0.037), CG (heterozygous model: p=0.018), GC/CC (dominant model: p=0.004), and the C allele (p=0.001), as well as the GC/CC genotype with hormone replace therapy (HRT, p=0.016). The rs3138060 polymorphism was associated with BC susceptibility for CG/GG genotype (dominant model: p=0.032) and G allele (p=0.018). Although the association between the dominant model of rs1008562, rs2234671, rs3138060 polymorphisms and BC patients and control was evident for tobacco and alcohol consumption (p<0.05). The rs1008562, rs2234671, and rs3138060 polymorphisms of the CXCR1 gene classified by molecular subtype and stage were also associated with BC patients, indicating that these factors may significantly contribute to BC risk. The CCC (OR 1.75, 95% CI 1.03- 2.97, p=0.046), GGG (OR 3.73, 95% CI 1.61- 8.65, p=0.0018) haplotypes were also associated with BC susceptibility.
CONCLUSIONS: Rs2234671 and rs3138060 polymorphisms in the CXCR1 gene were associated with BC susceptibility in the Mexican population. The dominant model of the rs1008562, rs2234671 and rs3138060 polymorphisms could significantly contribute to BC risk in tobacco and alcohol consumption, molecular subtype and stage. The rs1008562, rs2234671 and rs3138060 polymorphisms, and the haplotypes CCC and GGG could significantly contribute to BC risk in the Mexican population analyzed.Free PDF Download
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M.P. Gallegos-Arreola, C.J. Briseño-Zuno, L.E. Figuera, J.Y. Sánchez-López, G.M. Zúñiga-González, A.M. Puebla-Pérez, B.C. Gómez-Meda, H. Montoya-Fuentes, J.I. Delgado-Saucedo
The rs1008562, rs2234671, and rs3138060 polymorphisms of the CXCR1 gene are associated with breast cancer risk in a Mexican population
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 24 - N. 19