Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2020; 24 (22): 11871-11882

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202011_23845

Pharmaco-molecular assessment of the effects of anandamide and its antagonists on hippocampal tissue in Wistar albino rats

I. Yilmaz, N. Karaarslan, D. Yasar Sirin, H. Ozbek

Department of Medical Pharmacology, Istanbul Medipol University School of Medicine, Turkey. ibrahimyilmaz77@yahoo.com


OBJECTIVE: The members of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family and cannabinoids (CBs) are reportedly associated with hippocampus-dependent memory functions. However, the effects of endogenously formed CBs on hippocampal long-term potentiation remain unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the changes in the gene and protein expression levels of matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP-9), phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), and NOTCH receptor 1 (NOTCH1) in rat hippocampal tissues treated with anandamide (AEA), AM251, 6-iodopravadolin (AM630), and N-[4-{[(3,4-Dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)amino]sulfonyl}phenyl] (ML193).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The subjects were divided into 10 groups (n = five per group). The pharmaceuticals were administered via intraperitoneal injection once a day for seven days, except for the control group. The resected hippocampal tissues were then evaluated using a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blot analysis. The data obtained were statistically analyzed, and p < 0.01 was considered statistically significant.

RESULTS: Contrary to the literature, the changes in MMP-9 expression were not statistically significant, but the changes in PTEN and NOTCH1 were. The findings of this in vivo experimental study revealed that the agonists and antagonists acting on the CB system have significant molecular effects on hippocampal tissue.

CONCLUSIONS: The changes in gene and protein expressions may be one of the reasons for the neurodegenerative processes observed in patients using these agonists and antagonists, whose effects on the CB system have not been fully explained yet. Our study can contribute to the literature as it is the first study investigating the MMP-9, PTEN and NOTCH1 gene and protein expression.

Free PDF Download

To cite this article

I. Yilmaz, N. Karaarslan, D. Yasar Sirin, H. Ozbek
Pharmaco-molecular assessment of the effects of anandamide and its antagonists on hippocampal tissue in Wistar albino rats

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2020
Vol. 24 - N. 22
Pages: 11871-11882
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202011_23845