OBJECTIVE: Through 16S rDNA technology, we aimed at separating adults aging 20-50 years old into a few groups and processing the high-throughput sequencing analysis, in order to explore the features and differences of intestinal flora in each age group in a microcosmic perspective.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: 120 stool specimens were collected strictly in accordance with acceptance criteria and exclusion criteria. 49 subjects aging 20-29 years old (Group AGE1), 51 subjects aging 30-39 years old (Group AGE2), and 20 subjects aging 40-49 years old (Group AGE3) were divided into 3 groups. Bacteria DNA from fresh stool specimens of 3 groups were abstracted. Illumina MiSeq high-throughput sequencing platform was applied to process 16S rDNA sequencing in Area 338F_806R for intestinal flora detection. I-Sanger Bio-cloud platform was applied for the analysis of intestinal flora structure changes in phylum level and genus level.
RESULTS: Among the age of 20-50, with older age, the abundance of intestinal flora decreased among healthy adults more than 40 years old. In addition, the diversity and sample dispersion of intestinal flora is significantly different from people among 20-40 years old. The decrease ratio of Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes indicated that as the age grows, glucose tolerance might decrease. Comparing with people among 20-40 years old, the amount of Bifidobacterium and Eubacterium in people over 40 years old have significantly decreased. The decrease of Bifidobacterium and Eubacterium may increase the risks of cognitive impairment and lower the anti-inflammation and anti-cancer efficacy in human body, respectively. Subdoligranulum relates to poor metabolism and chronic inflammation and it happens more in people aged over 40 than young people who are among 20-40 years old.
CONCLUSIONS: There are differences in the intestinal flora of healthy adults aged 20-50. Effective intervention of the intestinal flora may play a role in delaying aging and preventing diseases.Free PDF Download
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To cite this article
H.-J. Yu, C. Jing, N. Xiao, X.-M. Zang, C.-Y. Zhang, X. Zhang, Y.-N. Qu, Y. Li, Q.-W. Tan
Structural difference analysis of adult’s intestinal flora basing on the 16S rDNA gene sequencing technology
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 24 - N. 24