OBJECTIVE: Delays in patient discharge can adversely affect hospital and emergency room productivity and increase healthcare costs. The discharge should be structured from the hospital admission towards the most appropriate environment. This study aims to investigate the efficacy of the Unit, named “Continuity of Care Center” (CCC), to guarantee a safest and fastest hospital discharge in frail patients and to test the effect of our team-approach on hospital outcomes (length of stay and hospital mortality).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study carried out in an acute care hospital with 1,558 beds and is equipped with 41 operating theaters. We collected data from October 2016 to June 2019.
RESULTS: The time of patient discharge had an important reduction: 15.5±30.8 in the first 3 months vs. 11.0±20.1 in the last 3 months considered. The median of the time of discharge in all 12 months considered was 12 day. The length of stay presented an important reduction from 33.3±47.5 during the first 3 months vs. 28.8±39.5 in the last 3 months of activity of CCC; and a significant reduction of hospital deaths was recorded from 20% during the first 3 months to 14% in the last 3 months of activity of CCC.
CONCLUSIONS: Results indicate a constant decrease in patient discharge time and length of hospital stay, with a consequent significant reduction of healthcare costs. According to the estimates of Italian Health Ministry concerning Latium region, every hospitalization day has a mean cost of € 674.00. Thus, the CCC activity has contributed to a reduction of approximately 12,832 days of hospitalization, in the considered period, with an estimated hospital saving of € 8,648,761.
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S. Giovannini, A. Tamburrano, F. Sganga, M.L. Serra, C. Loreti, D. Coraci, L. Padua, P. Caliandro, M. Zega, A. Tafani, A. Cambieri, N. Acampora, A. Russo, M.A. Ricciotti, G. Maccauro, A. Laudisio, R. Bernabei, L. Biscotti, C. Barillaro
A new model of multidimensional discharge planning: continuity of care for frail and complex inpatients
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 24 - N. 24