Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021; 25 (1): 273-286

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202101_24393

Body mass index and mortality in patients with cardiovascular disease: an umbrella review of meta-analyses

R. Abou Ghayda, D. Duck-Young Park, J.Y. Lee, J.Y. Kim, K.H. Lee, S.H. Hong, J.W. Yang, J.S. Kim, G.H. Jeong, A. Kronbichler, A. Koyanagi, L. Jacob, H. Oh, H. Li, J.M. Yang, M.S. Kim, S.W. Lee, D.K. Yon, J.I. Shin, L. Smith

Urology Institute, University Hospital System, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA. shinji@yuhs.ac

 


OBJECTIVE: Although many previous meta-analyses of epidemiological studies have demonstrated a relationship between body mass index (BMI) and mortality, inconsistent findings among cardiovascular disease patients have been observed. Thus, we performed an umbrella review to understand the strength of evidence and validity of claimed associations between BMI and mortality in patients with cardiovascular diseases.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We comprehensively re-analyzed the data of meta-analyses of observational studies and randomized controlled trials on associations between BMI and mortality among patients with cardiovascular diseases. We also assessed the strength of evidence of the re-analyzed outcomes, which were determined from the criteria including statistical significance of the p-value of random-effects, as well as fixed-effects meta-analyses, small-study effects, between-study heterogeneity, and a 95% prediction interval.

RESULTS: We ran comprehensive re-analysis of the data from the 21 selected studies, which contained a total of 108 meta-analyses; 23 were graded as convincing evidence and 12 were suggestive, 42 were weak, and 23 were non-significant.

CONCLUSIONS: Underweight increased mortality in acute coronary syndrome (ACS), heart failure, and after therapeutic intervention for patients with cardiovascular diseases. Overweight, on the other hand decreased mortality in patient’s ACS, atrial fibrillation, and heart failure with convincing evidence.

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R. Abou Ghayda, D. Duck-Young Park, J.Y. Lee, J.Y. Kim, K.H. Lee, S.H. Hong, J.W. Yang, J.S. Kim, G.H. Jeong, A. Kronbichler, A. Koyanagi, L. Jacob, H. Oh, H. Li, J.M. Yang, M.S. Kim, S.W. Lee, D.K. Yon, J.I. Shin, L. Smith
Body mass index and mortality in patients with cardiovascular disease: an umbrella review of meta-analyses

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2021
Vol. 25 - N. 1
Pages: 273-286
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202101_24393