OBJECTIVE: Different types of vasculitis can occur in patients with inflammatory bowel disease [IBD], but large vessels vasculitis seems to be the most prevalent. Indeed, the presence of both Crohn’s disease [CD] and Takayasu’s arteritis [TAK] has previously been reported, with higher prevalence in young women between the second and the third decade of life. This article aims to provide clinicians with an accurate picture of the most common clinical features and current treatment strategy for patients with both CD and TAK.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: We described the coexistence of CD and TAK in three young women and also performed an extensive literature review about the association of these two immune-related disorders. Research on PubMed server was performed typing the terms “Takayasu’s arteritis and inflammatory bowel disease”, “Takayasu’s arteritis and Crohn’s disease”, and “Takayasu’s arteritis and Ulcerative colitis”.
RESULTS: Although the association of CD with TAK is uncommon, due to the severity of both diseases, concomitance in the same patient may significantly complicate the diagnostic and therapeutic work-up. In addition, since TAK can compromise intestinal vasculature, it may possibly exacerbate the clinical course of patients with IBD. All patients we reported underwent surgery due to IBD complications and two of them started biological therapy with different outcomes.
CONCLUSIONS: Early detention of these conditions has a great importance for both gastroenterologists and immunologists, for ensuring a tailored multidisciplinary management, possibly in order to identify a common therapy for these two immune-related disorders.Free PDF Download
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To cite this article
A.D. Guarino, A. Testa, I. Mormile, N. Imperatore, F. Granata, A. Rispo, A. De Paulis, F. Castiglione
Crohn’s disease and Takayasu’s arteritis: are they associated?
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 25 - N. 3