Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021; 25 (4): 1811-1820

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202102_25075

Protective effect of estrogen receptors (ERα/β) against the intervertebral disc degeneration involves activating CCN5 via the promoter

M.-X. Song, X.-X. Ma, C. Wang, Y. Wang, C. Sun, D.-R. Xu, K. Zhu, G.-H. Li, H. Zhao, C. Zhang

Department of Orthopedics, Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, China. zhch1091962268@163.com


OBJECTIVE: Due to the decrease of estrogen and estrogen receptor (ER) in postmenopausal women, they have a higher risk of intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) than men. This study aims to explore how ERα and ERb interact with CCN5 and protect IDD.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and Luciferase reporter assay to determine whether the ERα/b protein binds to CCN5 promoter and activates its expression. We used TNF-α to induce nucleus pulposus (NP) cell degeneration to simulate the IDD process. The change of the expression of ERα/β and CCN5 was measured in the degenerated NP cells. To understand the function of ERα/β in the NP cells degeneration, we upregulated the ERα/b gene expression by vector transfection or 17b-estradiol (E2) stimulation. Besides, we also used the CCN5 gene-silenced NP cells by siRNA transfection as a comparison to determine the role of CCN5. We tested the cell proliferation and principal components of the extracellular matrix (ECM) to value the degree of NP cell degeneration.

RESULTS: ERα and ERβ protein can bind to the same promoter regions of CCN5 and activate its expression, respectively. TNF-α degraded NP cells with a reduction of cell proliferation, collagen II, ACAN, ERα, ERβ, and CCN5 expression, and increased collagen I/III, and MMP-13 expression. Upregulated ERα or ERβ resulted in the maintains of CCN5 and alleviated the NP cell degeneration. Besides, 17β-E2 supplement increased the ERα, ERβ, and CCN5 expression, as well as stable NP cells phenotype. However, it was partly abolished by the silencing of CCN5.

CONCLUSIONS: Upregulation of ERα and ERβ protects the NP cell degeneration during IDD through the activation of CCN5 by binding to its promoter.

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To cite this article

M.-X. Song, X.-X. Ma, C. Wang, Y. Wang, C. Sun, D.-R. Xu, K. Zhu, G.-H. Li, H. Zhao, C. Zhang
Protective effect of estrogen receptors (ERα/β) against the intervertebral disc degeneration involves activating CCN5 via the promoter

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2021
Vol. 25 - N. 4
Pages: 1811-1820
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202102_25075