Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021; 25 (6): 2711-2725

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202103_25434

Impact of nursing students on the quality of care perceived by patients: a systematic review of the literature

A. Delli Poggi, G. Pintus, S. Dionisi, E. Di Simone, N. Giannetta, M. Di Muzio, S. Mardente, L. Tibaldi, D. Tartaglini, F. Consorti, V. D’Andrea

Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, Tor Vergata University; Department of Surgical Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy. alessandro.dellipoggi@uniroma1.it


OBJECTIVE: The quality assessment process, based on customer satisfaction, is fundamental in the delivery of the best care services. This is most evident in care settings where trainee students are allowed to assist the patients. The purpose of this review is to clarify whether nursing students have an impact on patients’ assessment of the quality of their nursing care.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search was carried out using the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines in six databases: PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane, Web of Science, Scopus, and PsycInfo. Two co-authors independently screened titles, abstracts, and full-text articles, following explicit exclusion and inclusion criteria. Analyses included non-randomized and non-homogeneous samples, involving both selected patients and methods for assessing their satisfaction.

RESULTS: After full-text screening, 30 articles were identified, but only 11 were considered pertinent to the topic of the review. The trainee-patient relationship is based on mutual help and can improve the patient experience and trainee learning. The instruments used to measure perceived quality were found to be valid and reliable.

CONCLUSIONS: The studies under review show high levels of satisfaction among patients when nursing care is delivered through training, particularly when the patients who agree to be treated by nursing trainees have previous experience of hospitalization and relationships with trainees. Educational background and the empathy and communication skills of both professional nurses and trainees influence patients’ perception of the quality of care and their satisfaction with it.

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A. Delli Poggi, G. Pintus, S. Dionisi, E. Di Simone, N. Giannetta, M. Di Muzio, S. Mardente, L. Tibaldi, D. Tartaglini, F. Consorti, V. D’Andrea
Impact of nursing students on the quality of care perceived by patients: a systematic review of the literature

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2021
Vol. 25 - N. 6
Pages: 2711-2725
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202103_25434