OBJECTIVE: Uterine myomas are the most common benign tumors in females, and at least 25% of affected patients experience symptoms severe enough to need treatment, like heavy hemorrhage, pelvic pain, and infertility. Currently, a non-invasive approach is preferred in women of childbearing age who desire pregnancy. The aim of our study was to determine the effect of oral supplementation with a combination of vitamin D plus epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and vitamin B6 in women with myomas.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between April and December 2020, we enrolled 95 women of childbearing age, afferent to our hospital, displaying at least one myoma with a diameter <4 cm. Patients were divided in two groups: 41 women were treated daily with two tablets of 25 μg vitamin D + 150 mg EGCG + 5 mg vitamin B6 for 4 months; 54 women, representing the control group, received no treatment. Total volume and vascularization of myomas were analyzed ultrasonographically. Bleeding and pelvic pain was also evaluated, as well as patients’ quality of life and health through questionnaire Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) and Patient Global Impression of improvement (PGI-I).
RESULTS: After treatment myomas’ total volume and peripherical vascularization significantly decreased respectively by 37.9% (p<0.001) and 7.7%. On the other hand, we observed an increase in myomas’ volume by 5.5 % and of peripherical vascularization by 5% in the control group. The treated group reported an improvement in SF-36 (p<0.001) and PGI-I (85.4%) questionnaire scores.
CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated, in young women who want to preserve fertility, that the combined supplementation of vitamin D, EGCG, and vitamin B6 reduced myomas’ volume and improved patients’ quality of life, without side effects.Free PDF Download
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To cite this article
D. Miriello, F. Galanti, P. Cignini, D. Antonaci, M.C. Schiavi, R. Rago
Uterine fibroids treatment: do we have new valid alternative? Experiencing the combination of vitamin D plus epigallocatechin gallate in childbearing age affected women
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 25 - N. 7