Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021; 25 (7): 2898-2915

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202104_25543

Pesticide exposure and gender discrepancy in breast cancer

C. Ledda, M. Bracci, P. Lovreglio, P. Senia, M. Larrosa, B. Martínez-Jarreta, V. Rapisarda

Occupational Medicine, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Catania, Catania, Italy. caterina.ledda@unict.it


OBJECTIVE: It is biologically plausible that occupational and environmental pesticide exposure may contribute to breast cancer risk. Persistent chemical compounds, such as pesticides, tend to be lipophilic and are detected in human breast milk and adipose tissue. Therefore, the present systematic review aims to clarify the gender difference in breast cancer concerning pesticide exposure.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 70 studies satisfied the inclusion criteria and were included in the systematic review.

RESULTS: From the studies analyzed, it was observed that exposure to pesticides could be a risk factor for breast cancer in women, in particular in young women and in women who experienced menarche at a young age. In contrast, no association was found for breast cancer in men. Female breast cancer is correlated with estrogen receptor-negative tumor characteristics. Breast cancer in men was no correlated with pesticide exposure.

CONCLUSIONS: Breast cancer in women has been linked to estrogen receptor positivity, but this positivity appears to be inversely related to fertility. The estrogen-like effects of organochlorine pesticides could be the cause of the observed gender differences.

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To cite this article

C. Ledda, M. Bracci, P. Lovreglio, P. Senia, M. Larrosa, B. Martínez-Jarreta, V. Rapisarda
Pesticide exposure and gender discrepancy in breast cancer

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2021
Vol. 25 - N. 7
Pages: 2898-2915
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202104_25543