OBJECTIVE: Hemorrhagic shock and encephalopathy syndrome (HSES) is the most severe form of acute encephalopathy that progresses rapidly, often resulting in death or severe neurological sequelae. We report the case of a 4-year-old girl with HSES with shock and impaired consciousness.
PATIENT AND METHODS: Blood test results showed hypercytokinemia, and the 4-year-old patient was immediately admitted to the intensive care unit. Within 4 h of symptom onset, she received mild brain hypothermia therapy with a target body temperature of 35°C. Methylprednisolone pulse, high dose immunoglobulin, and large doses of circulatory drugs were administered.
RESULTS: After 72 h of brain hypothermia therapy, targeted temperature management with a target body temperature between 36°C and 37°C was continued for 96 h. The patient was diagnosed with HSES based on acute encephalopathy with shock, hypercytokinemia, low platelet count, coagulation disorder, renal damage, and intestinal bleeding. Magnetic resonance imaging results revealed no signs of any specific acute encephalopathy. She was discharged without neurological sequelae 28 days after symptom onset.
CONCLUSIONS: Mild brain hypothermia therapy initiated in the early stages followed by targeted temperature management may be an effective way to improve neurological outcomes in children suffering from HSES.Free PDF Download
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To cite this article
Y. Fujita, G. Imataka, J. Kikuchi, S. Yoshihara
Successful mild brain hypothermia therapy followed by targeted temperature management for pediatric hemorrhagic shock and encephalopathy syndrome
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 25 - N. 7