Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021; 25 (8): 3235-3245

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202104_25732

Zebrafish embryo extracts enhance 5-FU anti-cancer effects upon breast cancer cells

S. Proietti, A. Cucina, A. Catizone, G. Ricci, A. Pensotti, M. Bizzarri

Department of Surgery “Pietro Valdoni”, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy. mariano.bizzarri@uniroma1.it


OBJECTIVE: The inhibition of the metastatic capability of cancer cells is a pivotal aim of current anticancer strategies. We investigated herein the anti-migrating and anti-invasive properties of Zebrafish embryo extracts (SL) – an integrative formula comprising morphogenetic factors extracted from zebrafish embryos – alone or in association with 5-Fluoro-Uracil (5-FU), when added to metastatic breast cancer cells (MDA-MB-231) and in normal epithelial breast cells (MCF10A) committed toward an inflammatory phenotype upon TGF-β1 stimulation.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Invasiveness, migrating capability, cytoskeleton architecture and related molecular factors involved in the epithelial-mesenchymal transition were studied after treatment with 5-FU, with and without SL.

RESULTS: Remarkably, in both circumstances, embryo extracts amplify the migratory inhibition triggered by the anticancer drug 5-Fu. The fact that such an effect is noticed in normal as well as in cancerous cells suggests that the critical target of embryo extracts is specifically represented by the migrating/invasive phenotype. However, while 5-FU was unable in antagonizing the invasiveness of cancerous cells, the association with SL can significantly impair the invasive capability of tumor cells. These findings are noticeably associated with the reversion of the EMT phenotype in SL-treated cells, as documented by the contemporary downregulation of TCTP and some EMT-related molecular effectors, like α-SMA and Vimentin.

CONCLUSIONS: Embryo fish extracts significantly counteract the migrating and invasive phenotype of cancerous and inflammatory breast cells treated with the chemotherapeutic drug 5-FU. The availability of a compound able to amplify 5-Fu activity while significantly hampering the invasive phenotype of breast cancer should provide invaluable benefits, namely if we consider that this compound is substantially deprived of side-effects.

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To cite this article

S. Proietti, A. Cucina, A. Catizone, G. Ricci, A. Pensotti, M. Bizzarri
Zebrafish embryo extracts enhance 5-FU anti-cancer effects upon breast cancer cells

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2021
Vol. 25 - N. 8
Pages: 3235-3245
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202104_25732