OBJECTIVE: Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is an uncommon but frequently fatal complication following acute myocardial infarction. In medically treated patients, mortality rates exceed 90%, while the surgical repair is associated with better outcomes, even though optimal surgical timing is still under debate.
CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 78-years-old man with no previous remarkable cardiological history admitted to our Emergency Department with the diagnosis of anterior ST-elevation myocardial infarction and significant reduction of left ventricular ejection fraction. The emergency coronary angiography showed sub-occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery, treated with stent implantation. The post-procedural echocardiography unveiled the presence of an apical VSD with a large left-to-right shunt, significant right ventricular overload and dysfunction. An intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) was positioned and, after Heart Team evaluation, a delayed surgical approach was planned. As a bridge to the intervention Levosimendan infusion was administered, on top of IABP support, and a significant improvement in bi-ventricular function and pressure profiles was obtained. Cardiac surgery was successfully performed 9 days after the admission without periprocedural complications.
CONCLUSIONS: This unique case supports the use of Levosimendan as a valid pharmacological strategy for perioperative management of VSD.Free PDF Download
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To cite this article
M. Camilli, P. Ciampi, D. Pedicino, A. D’Aiello, A. Mazza, R.A. Montone, T. Sanna, A.G. Rebuzzi, M. Massetti, F. Crea, G. Liuzzo
Use of Levosimendan as bridge therapy to surgical correction of post-infarction ventricular septal defect: a case report
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 25 - N. 8