Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021; 25 (8): 3316-3324

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202104_25743

A multicenter clinical study with myo-inositol and alpha-lactalbumin in Mexican and Italian PCOS patients

I. Hernandez Marin, O. Picconi, A.S. Laganà, L. Costabile, V. Unfer

Human Reproduction Department, Hospital Juárez de México, México City, Mexico; Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma De México (UNAM), México City, México. vunfer@gmail.com


OBJECTIVE: This open-label non-randomized clinical study aimed at evaluating the effects of myo-inositol plus alpha-lactalbumin in two groups of PCOS women, treated in Mexico and Italy. Alpha-lactalbumin was used being effective in increasing myo-inositol intestinal absorption. This effect is very useful in greatly reducing the therapeutic failure of myo-inositol in some patients (inositol resistant subjects).

PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study involved 34 normal weight or overweight patients (14 in Mexico and 20 in Italy), aged 18 to 40 years, with anovulation and infertility > 1 year and insulin resistance diagnosed by HOMA-Index. Patients were administered orally with 2 g myo-inositol, 50 mg alpha-lactalbumin, and 200 µg of folic acid twice a day for 6 months. Controls were the same patients at t0 (baseline). The primary outcome was HOMA-index decrease after 3 and 6 months of treatment. Other parameters monitored were BMI, progesterone, LH, FSH, total testosterone, free testosterone, androstenedione, total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, triglycerides.

RESULTS: Recovery was general, and its relevance was higher when the starting point was further away from the normal range. The most important results were obtained with insulin, HOMA-index, LH, and androstenedione. No significant adverse effects were detected in both groups of patients.

CONCLUSIONS: This clinical trial demonstrated for the first time that myo-inositol and alpha-lactalbumin improve important parameters in PCOS patients characterized by different metabolic profiles.

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To cite this article

I. Hernandez Marin, O. Picconi, A.S. Laganà, L. Costabile, V. Unfer
A multicenter clinical study with myo-inositol and alpha-lactalbumin in Mexican and Italian PCOS patients

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2021
Vol. 25 - N. 8
Pages: 3316-3324
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202104_25743