Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021; 25 (8): 3365-3374

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202104_25748

COVID-19 among healthcare workers in a Southern Brazilian Hospital and evaluation of a diagnostic strategy based on the RT-PCR test and retest for Sars-CoV-2

F. Schmidt Fernandes, S. de Castro Cardoso Toniasso, J. Castelo Branco Leitune, M.C. Borba Brum, V. Bielefeldt Leotti, F.F. Dantas Filho, E.B. Martin Chaves, D. Joveleviths

Occupational Medicine Service at Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. fscfernandes@hcpa.edu.br


OBJECTIVE: Healthcare workers are at risk for COVID-19 contamination. It is important to protect them in order to reduce nosocomial transmission and maintain the assistance capacity of health systems. To evaluate the diagnostic test and retest strategy with RT-PCR for SARS-CoV-2 and factors associated with the diagnosis of COVID-19 among healthcare workers.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study carried out in a Brazilian hospital. From April 27 to June 16, 2020, symptomatic healthcare workers underwent an RT-PCR test on upper respiratory tract specimens as soon as possible and, if negative, it was repeated close to the 5th day of symptom evolution. Working areas were divided into assistance areas dedicated or not dedicated to COVID-19 and non-assistance areas. The type of activity was divided into assistance or non-assistance activity.

RESULTS: 775 individuals were evaluated. 114 were diagnosed with COVID-19, of whom 101 followed the testing protocol. A second RT-PCR identified five (4.9%) of the positive cases. Working in an area dedicated to patients with COVID-19 was more prevalent among positive cases (35.1% x 19.8%, p=0.001) as well as working in an assistance activity (80.7% x 70.8%, p=0.031).

CONCLUSIONS: A second RT-PCR test after the 5th day of symptom evolution showed limited diagnostic improvement. The adoption of a single test-based strategy, carried out at the right time after the onset of symptoms, allows the optimal use of resources. Working in a COVID-19 dedicated area and in direct contact with patients is related to a higher prevalence of COVID-19 among symptomatic healthcare workers.

 

Free PDF Download

To cite this article

F. Schmidt Fernandes, S. de Castro Cardoso Toniasso, J. Castelo Branco Leitune, M.C. Borba Brum, V. Bielefeldt Leotti, F.F. Dantas Filho, E.B. Martin Chaves, D. Joveleviths
COVID-19 among healthcare workers in a Southern Brazilian Hospital and evaluation of a diagnostic strategy based on the RT-PCR test and retest for Sars-CoV-2

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2021
Vol. 25 - N. 8
Pages: 3365-3374
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202104_25748