Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021; 25 (18): 5781-5789

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202109_26796

Assessing value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound vs. conventional transthoracic ultrasound in improving diagnostic yield of percutaneous needle biopsy of peripheral lung lesions

C.M.I. Quarato, C. Cipriani, L. Dimitri, D. Lacedonia, P. Graziano, M. Copetti, S. De Cosmo, A. Simeone, G. Scioscia, M. Foschino Barbaro, M. Sperandeo

Department of Medical and Surgical Science, Institute of Respiratory Disease, Policlinico Universitario “Riuniti” of Foggia, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy. carlamariairene.quarato@gmail.com


OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to systematically assess the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) vs. conventional transthoracic ultrasound (TUS) in improving diagnostic accuracy of percutaneous needle biopsy (PTNB) for subpleural lung lesions.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: 232 patients with subpleural lesions were 1:1 randomly assigned to a group were CEUS was performed (n=116, mean age=65.5±5.6, M=69) or not (n=116, mean age=66.0±5.3, M=70). For CEUS study was used an injection of 4.8 mL of SonoVue (Bracco, Italy). For PTNB was employed a Menghini-modified technique with a semi-automatic 18-gauge needle.

RESULTS: The mean diameter of subpleural lesions was 2.85±0.7 cm in the CEUS+ group and 2.95±0.6cm in the CEUS– group. Only 3 lesions, 1 in the CEUS+ group and 2 in the CEUS– group measured >5 cm. CEUS showed no superiority in terms of diagnostic accuracy compared to conventional TUS (p=0.34). Similar results were obtained in the sub-analysis of lesions sized between 1-2 cm (p=1.00) and 2-5 cm (p=0.08). As the lesion size increased, the detection rate of necrosis in lesions increased by CEUS (from 8% to 31%). CEUS showed no superiority in terms of diagnostic accuracy in the sub-analysis of necrotic lesions at CECT (p=0.38). AUC values for both the groups assessed an excellent diagnostic yield for TUS-PTNB (≥0.80).

CONCLUSIONS: CEUS study does not improve the diagnostic accuracy of TUS-guided PTNB for peripheral lung lesions <5 cm of diameter. Further studies evaluating CEUS guidance for larger (>5 cm) and necrotic lesions are needed prior that its potential can be clarified.

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C.M.I. Quarato, C. Cipriani, L. Dimitri, D. Lacedonia, P. Graziano, M. Copetti, S. De Cosmo, A. Simeone, G. Scioscia, M. Foschino Barbaro, M. Sperandeo
Assessing value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound vs. conventional transthoracic ultrasound in improving diagnostic yield of percutaneous needle biopsy of peripheral lung lesions

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2021
Vol. 25 - N. 18
Pages: 5781-5789
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202109_26796