OBJECTIVE: A positive relationship between the recently emerged Corona Virus Disease-19 (COVID-19) and diabetes has been inferred, but not confirmed, in children. The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible impact of COVID-19 on new-onset Type-1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) in a pediatric population.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a prospective study of all children and adolescents diagnosed with T1DM during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic (March 2020-February 2021) in Western Greece (population coverage ≈1,000,000). The incidence and severity of T1DM, the age and sex of the participants and HbA1c and c-peptide concentrations at diagnosis were recorded and compared to those of the previous year (pre-COVID-19 year).
RESULTS: 21 children aged 8.03±0.90 years old were diagnosed with T1DM in the COVID-19 year and 17, aged 9.44±3.72 years old, in the pre-COVID-19 year. A different seasonality pattern of new onsets was observed during the COVID-19 year compared to the previous year, with increasing trend from spring to winter (spring: 9.5% vs. 23.5%, autumn: 23.8% vs. 29.4%, summer: 19% vs. 11.8%, winter: 47.6% vs. 35.3%). Also, compared to the preceding year, HbA1c was significantly higher (p=0.012) and the incidence and severity of diabetic ketoacidosis greater (p=0.045, p=0.013, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to report a different seasonality pattern and increased severity of new-onset T1DM during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic. Future research should further investigate the possible role of SARS-CoV-2 and the different pattern of overall infection incidence during the COVID-19 year.Free PDF Download
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To cite this article
E. Kostopoulou, M.I. Eliopoulou, A.P. Rojas Gil, D. Chrysis
Impact of COVID-19 on new-onset type 1 diabetes mellitus – A one-year prospective study
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 25 - N. 19