Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021; 25 (19): 6077-6092

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202110_26886

Effect and mechanism of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on intestinal injury in rats with obstructive jaundice

C.-X. Zhang, C.-M. Shu, X.-Y. Zhang, X.-T. Lin, Q.-H. Guan, F. Zhang, X.-T. Zhi

Department of General Surgery, Binzhou Medical University Hospital, Binzhou, Shandong, China. drzhixuting@hotmail.com


OBJECTIVE: Obstructive jaundice (OJ) is a common clinical pathological syndrome in hepatobiliary surgery. High incidence of multiple organ injuries during perioperative period and its associated mortality remains challenging in clinical practice. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFA) is an important enteral immune nutrition. This study investigated the protective role of ω-3 PUFA in the regulation of inflammatory response in OJ.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-two rats were randomly divided into obstructive jaundice (OJ) group, obstructive jaundice + ω-3 PUFA group (OJPUFA) group, and sham group. OJ model was created by ligation of the bile duct. Abdominal thoracic catheter was placed to collect lymph. Body weight, liver function, serum and lymphatic levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-10, HMGB1, and nitric oxide (NO) were measured on day 3, day 7, and day 14 after operation. Hematoxylin staining and Alcian blue-periodic acid-Shiff (AB-PAS) staining were performed on the ileum tissue. Protein and mRNA expression of HMGB1, TLR4, and NF-κB p65 were measured at the aforementioned time points.

RESULTS: The general condition, including body weight and liver function, were worse in the OJ and the OJPUFA group compared to that in the sham group. On day 14, the body weight recovery and liver function were significantly better in the OJPUFA group than those in the OJ group were (p<0.05 for all). No marked change in the serum and lymphatic levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-10, HMGB1 and NO was observed in the sham group after operation, while corresponding levels in the OJ and the OJPUFA groups were significantly higher. Compared with the OJPUFA group, serum and lymphatic levels of the above factors were consistently higher in the OJ group and were significantly higher on day 14 (p<0.05 for all). At the same time, ω-3 PUFA lowered the damage of intestinal villi and intestinal mucosal epithelium. It also improved the number and function of goblet cells in intestinal mucosal epithelium. The protein and mRNA expression of HMGB1, TLR4, and NF-κB p65 were significantly higher in the OJ group than those in the OJPUFA group (p<0.05 for all).

CONCLUSIONS: ω-3 PUFA has protective effect in the management of obstructive jaundice. It can regulate the inflammatory response and reduce its damage to intestinal structure. Reducing the activation of HMGB1/TLR4/ NF-κB pathway might be a mechanism for its protective effect. We suggested that ω-3 PUFA and drugs targeted HMGB1/TLR4/NF-κB pathway might be potential treatment strategies in obstructive jaundice.

 

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C.-X. Zhang, C.-M. Shu, X.-Y. Zhang, X.-T. Lin, Q.-H. Guan, F. Zhang, X.-T. Zhi
Effect and mechanism of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on intestinal injury in rats with obstructive jaundice

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2021
Vol. 25 - N. 19
Pages: 6077-6092
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202110_26886