Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021; 25 (23): 7333-7345

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202112_27427

What causes distress in males undergoing infertility work-up?

K. Warchoł-Biedermann, E. Mojs

Department of Clinical Psychology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland. k.warchol@pro.onet.pl


OBJECTIVE: This panel study aimed to identify predictors of the risk for depression in involuntarily childless males undergoing fertility work-up.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of 255 married males aged 22-51 years seeking their first fertility work-up completed the General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28) at four time-points. They were tested at the baseline, before their initial fertility evaluation (T1), before their second andrological appointment, two-three months after the diagnostic disclosure (T2), and before subsequent treatment/follow-up appointments (T3 and T4). The timing of assessment was synchronized with respondent’s andrological appointments and medical procedures. Binomial logistic regression was applied to develop prediction models for subgroups with the male, female, mixed, and unexplained factors of infertility.

RESULTS: The risk for depression in involuntarily childless males was associated with a constellation of factors, whose importance might vary depending on the factor of infertility. However, the stage of the andrological procedure was found to be the most significant predictor of the risk for depression in the MFI, FFI and Mixed FI respondents with the greatest odds for T2 and/or T3.

CONCLUSIONS: The results of the current study have practical implications. They should be considered in support programs for individuals and/or couples with unintentional childlessness. Infertility treatment specialists or other healthcare professionals should be provided education training programs to help them understand how age, permanent residence or education may influence male distress. They should integrate the knowledge into practice so that they can provide adequate emotional support to unintentionally childless males.

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To cite this article

K. Warchoł-Biedermann, E. Mojs
What causes distress in males undergoing infertility work-up?

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2021
Vol. 25 - N. 23
Pages: 7333-7345
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202112_27427