Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021; 25 (23): 7409-7417

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202112_27438

The effect of dexmedetomidine on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass: a meta-analysis

G.-R. Zhang, C.-M. Peng, Z.-Z. Liu, Y.-F. Leng

Department of First Clinical Medical College, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China. lengyf@lzu.edu.cn


OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine administration on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Online databases including PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Medline, and EMBASE were searched for clinical trials that investigated the application of dexmedetomidine in CPB patients prior to May 2021. A total of 17 studies involving 866 patients were included in this study.

RESULTS: The result of the meta-analysis showed that there was a significant difference in serum creatinine-kinase-MB (CK-MB) between the dexmedetomidine group and the control group at the end of the operation and 24 h after the operation. Compared to the control group, cardiac troponin I (cTn-I) concentration in the dexmedetomidine group was significantly decreased at the end of the operation, 24 h after the operation, and 48 h after the operation. There was also a significant difference between the dexmedetomidine group and the control group in the length of a patient’s ICU stay.

CONCLUSIONS: Dexmedetomidine can reduce CK-MB and cTn-I concentrations and shorten the length of ICU stays for patients undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB. It can also provide myocardial protection from I/R injury.

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To cite this article

G.-R. Zhang, C.-M. Peng, Z.-Z. Liu, Y.-F. Leng
The effect of dexmedetomidine on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass: a meta-analysis

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2021
Vol. 25 - N. 23
Pages: 7409-7417
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202112_27438