Continuous rise in the number of COVID-19 cases, since it was first diagnosed in 2019, forced the entire medical fraternity to delay elective surgeries. The preoperative evaluation guidelines that were used in the pre-COVID-19 era underwent significant changes, adding modifications to meet the post-COVID patients’ specific criteria and requirements. Currently, all patients before or at the time of hospital admission were tested using a nasopharyngeal swab, by RT-PCR for SARS-CoV-2. Apart from this, for a patient undergoing elective surgery in their post-COVID-19 period, it is mandatory to obtain a detailed history of COVID-19 disease/SARS-CoV-2 infection, to identify residual symptoms or any organ dysfunction the infection might have caused. As well as the functional optimization of the patient to achieve the best clinical and biological status before the surgery. After all the systems have been thoroughly investigated, the risk-benefit ratio needs to be calculated, keeping in mind the cytokine storm and inflammatory responses encountered postoperatively. A mere negative RT-PCR test cannot be considered as the only decisive factor to operate, as the post-COVID-19 phase can influence postoperative outcome of the patient. Hence, the pre-operative evaluation protocols of post-COVID patients should be set and followed thoroughly, in order to avoid post-surgical complications. For better surgical and post-surgical management of post-COVID-19 patients, conducting clinical tests, assessing previously administered medications, evaluating the need for deep venous thrombosis prophylaxes, and identifying subclinical inflammatory state are the measures that should be taken.Free PDF Download
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M. Tunescu, R. Christodorescu, A. Sharma, C.R. Barsac, A.F. Rogobete, D.C. Crisan, S.E. Popovici, N.R. Kundnani, D. Sandesc, O. Bedreag
The preoperative evaluation of post-COVID-19 patients scheduled for elective surgery – What is important not to miss!
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 25 - N. 23