Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021; 25 (24): 7654-7667

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202112_27612

Use of coumarins as complementary medicine with an integrative approach against cervical cancer: background and mechanisms of action

B. de la Cruz-Concepción, A. Gutiérrez-Escobar, H.Y. Lorenzo-Moran, N. Navarro-Tito, D.N. Martínez-Carrillo, C. Ortuño-Pineda, A.E. Zacapala-Gómez, F.I. Torres-Rojas, R. Dircio-Maldonado, H. Jiménez-Wences, C. Sotelo Leyva, M.A. Mendoza-Catalán

Laboratorio de Biomedicina Molecular, Laboratorio de Biología Celular del Cáncer, Laboratorio  de Investigación Clínica, Laboratorio de Ácidos Nucleicos y Proteínas, Facultad de Ciencias Químico-Biológicas, Universidad Autónoma de Guerrero, Chilpancingo, Guerrero, Mexico. mamendoza@uagro.mx


Cervical cancer is characterized by the cellular transformation caused by Human Papillomavirus (HPV), favoring cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and metastasis. Cervical cancer is conventionally treated with radiation therapy, and chemotherapy focused on the destruction of tumor cells. However, chemoresistance and low selectivity between tumor and non-tumor cells have been reported, causing side effects in patients. Metabolites of natural origin have shown selectivity against tumor cells, suggesting their use for reducing the side effects caused by drugs used in conventional therapy. Among these compounds, several natural coumarins stand out, such as auraptene, scopoletin, osthole, and praeruptorin, of which antiproliferative, anti-migratory, and anti-invasive activity have been reported. Auraptene, scopoletin, osthole, and praeruptorin show a cytotoxic or antiproliferative effect on cervical tumor cells, arresting the cell cycle by inducing the overexpression of negative regulators of the cell cycle, or inducing cell death by increasing the expression of pro-apoptotic proteins and decreasing that of anti-apoptotic proteins. On the other hand, auraptene, scopoletin, and praeruptorin inhibit the capacity for migration, invasion, and metastasis of cervical tumor cells, mainly by inhibiting the expression and activity of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9. The PI3K/Akt signal pathway appears to be central to the anti-tumor activity of the coumarins analyzed in this review. In addition, auraptene, osthole, and praeruptorin are useful in sensitizing tumor cells to radiotherapy or chemotherapeutic molecules, such as FOLFOX, cisplatin, or DOX. Coumarins offer an excellent possibility for developing new drugs as complementary medicine with an integrative approach against cervical cancer.

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B. de la Cruz-Concepción, A. Gutiérrez-Escobar, H.Y. Lorenzo-Moran, N. Navarro-Tito, D.N. Martínez-Carrillo, C. Ortuño-Pineda, A.E. Zacapala-Gómez, F.I. Torres-Rojas, R. Dircio-Maldonado, H. Jiménez-Wences, C. Sotelo Leyva, M.A. Mendoza-Catalán
Use of coumarins as complementary medicine with an integrative approach against cervical cancer: background and mechanisms of action

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2021
Vol. 25 - N. 24
Pages: 7654-7667
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202112_27612