Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021; 25 (24): 7858-7872

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202112_27633

Subjective self-assessment of physical activity is negatively affected by monitoring awareness in subjects with mild cognitive impairment: a crossover randomised controlled trial

A. Makarewicz, M. Jamka, M. Wasiewicz-Gajdzis, J. Bajerska, M. Kokot, N. Kaczmarek, J.K. Nowak, W. Zawisza, D. Gagnon, K.-H. Herzig, E. Mądry, J. Walkowiak

Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Metabolic Diseases, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland. jarwalk@ump.edu.pl


OBJECTIVE: Physical activity plays an important role in maintaining mental and physical health. This study assessed the effect of physical activity monitoring awareness on the physical activity level and subjective self-assessment of physical activity in middle-aged subjects with normal cognitive function (NCF) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI).

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-five subjects aged 50-65 years with NCF and MCI were randomised into two experimental groups, each taking part in two one-week intervention periods. Subjects in group A were not aware that their physical activity was monitored in the first week (phase I) and were aware of the monitoring in the second week (phase II), whereas it was the opposite order for group B. Physical activity was assessed using the ActiGraph GT9X accelerometer and International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ).

RESULTS: A total of 32 subjects (MCI: n = 12, NCF: n = 20) completed both intervention periods, with MCI subjects having significantly lower objectively assessed physical activity than NCF participants. Moreover, subjectively assessed physical activity in the MCI group was significantly higher when the participants were unaware of physical activity monitoring. A significant phase-group interaction was found in total (MET-min/d: p = 0.0072; min/d: p = 0.0194) and moderate (MET-min/d: p = 0.0015; min/d: p = 0.0020) physical activity as well as energy expenditure (p = 0.0366) assessed by the IPAQ and in the percentage of sedentary behaviour (p = 0.0330) and the average number of steps (p = 0.0342) assessed by ActiGraph.

CONCLUSIONS: The awareness of physical activity assessment might decrease the ability to subjectively assess physical activity in subjects with MCI.

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A. Makarewicz, M. Jamka, M. Wasiewicz-Gajdzis, J. Bajerska, M. Kokot, N. Kaczmarek, J.K. Nowak, W. Zawisza, D. Gagnon, K.-H. Herzig, E. Mądry, J. Walkowiak
Subjective self-assessment of physical activity is negatively affected by monitoring awareness in subjects with mild cognitive impairment: a crossover randomised controlled trial

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2021
Vol. 25 - N. 24
Pages: 7858-7872
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202112_27633