Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021; 25 (24): 7971-7975

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202112_27647

COVID-19 associated pulmonary embolism with D-dimer values within the referent range: a case report and review of the literature

J. Javorac, D. Živanović, S. Stojkov, J.Đ. Miličić, E. Fradelos, N. Savić

Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Vocational Studies for the Education of Preschool Teachers and Sports Trainers, Subotica, Serbia. jovanjavorac@vsovsu.rs


OBJECTIVE: COVID-19 is associated with an increased incidence of pulmonary embolism (PE). Elevated D-dimer levels are linked to an increased risk of PE and poor clinical outcome. We reported a case of PE in a COVID-19 patient with normal D-dimer levels and conducted a review of the literature on the subject.

CASE REPORT: A 38-year-old man with no prior comorbidities returned to the COVID-19 outpatient clinic 36 hours after being discharged from the hospital, where he had been treated for COVID-19 pneumonia. He reported a sudden feeling of dyspnea and chest pain. The physical examination was unremarkable. No new changes were detected on the chest X-ray. D-dimer and cardiac-specific markers values were within the referent range. The patient underwent an urgent computerized tomography pulmonary angiography which revealed signs of bilateral arterial thrombosis. He was treated with a therapeutic dose of low molecular weight heparin and discharged after 15 days, with a recommendation to use a direct oral anticoagulant.

CONCLUSIONS: Healthcare professionals should be aware that PE can occur as a late complication of COVID-19. Clinical suspicion of PE should lead physicians to use additional diagnostic methods to confirm or rule out PE, even if D-dimer levels are within the referent range.

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To cite this article

J. Javorac, D. Živanović, S. Stojkov, J.Đ. Miličić, E. Fradelos, N. Savić
COVID-19 associated pulmonary embolism with D-dimer values within the referent range: a case report and review of the literature

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2021
Vol. 25 - N. 24
Pages: 7971-7975
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202112_27647